non-HDL cholesterol


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Related to non-HDL cholesterol: LDL cholesterol, Triglycerides, Low density lipoprotein

non-HDL cholesterol

The total cholesterol minus the HDL cholesterol. It is a risk factor, independent of other cholesterol measurements, for atherosclerotic vascular disease, esp. in patients with diabetes mellitus, triglyceride levels > 200 mg/dL, or people with the metabolic syndrome.
See also: cholesterol
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
(9) At week 12, LDL cholesterol levels were reduced from baseline by 60%, non-HDL cholesterol by 55%, total cholesterol by 38%, total triglycerides by 23%, and lipoprotein (a) by 31%.
Remnant cholesterol was estimated by the simple subtraction of LDL cholesterol from non-HDL cholesterol. As anticipated, those patients with higher pretreatment triglyceride levels and therefore higher levels of pretreatment remnant cholesterol had a greater decrease in remnant cholesterol after treatment than patients with relatively normal pretreatment triglyceride and remnant levels.
However, it is observed that elevations in total cholesterol levels resulted from elevated HDL levels when the comparison was repeated after calculating non-HDL cholesterol levels.
Female (n = 20) Male (n = 20) Fasting blood 87,7 [+ or -] 14,2 82,8 [+ or -] 10,5 glucose (mg/dL) Total cholesterol 212,7 [+ or -] 53,1 171,9 [+ or -] 27,1 (mg/dL) HDL-cholesterol 49,6 [+ or -] 14,6 39,0 [+ or -] 14,6 (mg/dL) Triglycerides 206,8 [+ or -] 123,6 190,9 [+ or -] 68,1 (mg/dL) LDL-cholesterol 121,7 [+ or -] 43,0 94,7 [+ or -] 26,4 (mg/dL) Non-HDL cholesterol 163,1 [+ or -] 50,8 132,9 [+ or -] 31,8 (mg/dL) p value Fasting blood 0,1828 glucose (mg/dL) Total cholesterol 0,0037 (mg/dL) HDL-cholesterol 0,9970 (mg/dL) Triglycerides 0,0128 (mg/dL) LDL-cholesterol 0,0394 (mg/dL) Non-HDL cholesterol 0,0468 (mg/dL) HDL: high density lipoprotein; LDL: low density lipoprotein; mg/dL: milligrams per deciliter.
Clinical relevance of non-HDL cholesterol in patients with diabetes.
However, total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, non-HDL cholesterol, fasting insulin, HOMA-IR, GOT and Lipid Accumulation Product decreased more significantly in the nutraceutical group versus placebo.
And after 16 weeks, the patients supplementing with pantethine experienced reductions from baseline in total cholesterol of 6%, in LDL of 11%, and non-HDL cholesterol of 8%.
The researchers also found that the total cholesterol, triglycerides, small dense LDL, non-HDL cholesterol and other blood measurements of the subjects were also good.
It tests simultaneously a lipid profile, including total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol and triglycerides, as well as glucose, and also measures LDL, TC/HDL ratio, LDL/HDL ratio and non-HDL cholesterol.
The non-HDL cholesterol levels were determined by the difference between the total cholesterol and HDL levels.
The study compared the effects of corn and extra virgin olive oil on LDL cholesterol (primary outcome variable), total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol), Non-HDL cholesterol, Triglycerides and the total to HDL cholesterol ratio.

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