nomothetic approach

nom·o·thet·ic ap·proach

a frame of psychological reference that attempts to provide norms and general principles of behavior through the study of groups.
References in periodicals archive ?
Communication journals were more likely to study a variety of topics, issues, or concepts, that is, scholars here took a more nomothetic approach than their health communication counterparts.
The empirical approach we used--comparing countries across quantitative characteristics--is a nomothetic approach to a social phenomenon (e.g., systems for welfare, health, special education) in that it tries to find independent variables that account for the variation in an outcome variable (Thomae, 1999).
The test of the diathesis-stress hypothesis in these studies was primarily carried out using path analysis and hierarchical multiple regression analysis, the latter of which takes a nomothetic approach. More recent analytic strategies for analyzing longitudinal data such as latent growth curve modeling (LGM) and hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) provide more powerful tests of the hopelessness theory diathesis-stress hypothesis because they allow for simultaneous analysis of idiographic variations in the levels of, and relationships between, negative life events and depressive symptoms as well as nomothetic effects of attributional style on this relationship.
Focus was on a nomothetic approach. As these different paradigms grew with separate emphases, other options for aggregation that have long been proposed were neglected.
What this meant for the science of anthropology in the late twentieth century was, firstly, various attempts to revive a nomothetic approach to anthropological research and interpretation, and, more pointedly, a modernized cultural materialism that would permit anthropologists to make cross-cultural comparisons, so as to construct hypotheses and even laws of human development for the many different societies of humankind.
History was relatively idiographic; neoclassical economics took much more of a nomothetic approach.
We will briefly review the assumptions of a nomothetic approach to the study of personality in predicting jurors' judgments, and explain why this approach is responsible for the lack of strong and consistent relationships between personality factors and case judgments.
The utility of this nomothetic approach in general is the identification of core response topographies.
Stanley Hall's work in the Department of Scientific Pedagogy and Child Studies in the Chicago Public Schools during the late 19th and early 20th centuries offered psychology a nomothetic approach to the identification and classification of experimental procedures which produced meaningful change in students' behavior and performance (Fagan & Wise, 2000).
But the needs of a nomothetic approach may be a hindrance to research on process.
The scale allows a between subject comparison on common psychological variables (nomothetic approach) when research is extended to more subjects.
Just as the idiographic approach rested covertly on the employment of theories, so did the nomothetic approach rest covertly on "understood but unexplained" truths of the sort the idiographs claimed to know.