nodular goiter


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nodular goiter

A goiter that contains nodules.
See also: goiter

Nodular goiter

An enlargement of the thyroid (goiter) caused when groups of cells collect to form nodules.
References in periodicals archive ?
In this study, toxic nodular goiter constituted almost 73% of the cases.
On the other hand, thyroid nodular goiter was more frequent in T2DM patients (34.1% versus 18.8%, p < 0.05) compared to T1DM patients even after age adjustment [Table 1].
Cure rate was 77% in patients with Graves' disease group and 85% in toxic nodular goiter group (p=0.692).
No No change [up [up arrow] [up Pregnancy change arrow] arrow] [down [up arrow] [up [up arrow] [up Hyperthy- arrow] arrow] arrow] roidism [down No change No No change No Subclinical arrow] change change Hyperthy- roidism TABLE 2 Causes of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy Graves' disease Adenoma Toxic nodular goiter Thyroiditis Excessive thyroid hormone intake Choriocarcinoma Molar pregnancy TABLE 3 What causes severe hyperthyroidism before 20 weeks' gestation?
Finally, they present results justifying the validity of the method and provide quantitative estimates of malignancy-associated DNA changes for fibroadenomatosis and breast cancer, adenocarcinoma of the thyroid gland, nodular goiter, and autoimmune thyroiditis.
Nodules can cluster together to form a toxic nodular goiter, which can produce unhealthy levels of thyroid hormone.
Contributors address studies related to: neuropsychological parameters affecting the Academic Aptitude Test achievement at the end of high school; coping, mental health status, and current life regret in college women who differ in their lifetime pregnancy status; social anxiety in the college student population; the impact of a lecture series on alcohol and tobacco use in pharmacy students; psychological evaluation of patients with a nodular goiter before and after surgical treatment; the effects of thought suppression on later recall; and effects of induced mood on cognitive processing in healthy older and younger adults.
A nodular goiter may suggest either a toxic multinodular goiter or toxic adenoma.
Congenital iodide transport deficit (ITD) is an infrequent autosomic recessive condition characterized by inability of the thyroid gland to maintain a concentration gradient of iodide between the plasma and the thyroid follicular cell, resulting in hypothyroidism, diffuse or nodular goiter, and little or no uptake of radioiodine.
Thus the only risk with large doses of iodine may be nodular goiter, which can be easily diagnosed by a competent physical examination.
In nodular goiter individual cells, follicles or groups of follicles with Hurthle cell cytology may be encountered.[15] The majority of the nonneoplastic Hurthle cell nodules composed entirely of Hurthle cells represent Hurthle cell change of preexisting follicular adenomatous nodules in goiters and thyroiditis.[14] In general, nonneoplastic Hurthle cell nodules lack encapsulation, may exhibit multicentricity and macrofollicular growth pattern, and occur in a background of nodular goiter or Hashimoto's thyroiditis.

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