org ), an initiative of EXCEMED, is a definitive resource to help healthcare professionals recognise the implications of diagnosing and treating different thyroid disorders such as hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, autoimmune disease and nodular disease
(including thyroid carcinoma).
Among the granulomatous processes, pulmonary rheumatoid nodules can be encountered; these are usually seen in conjunction with articular nodular disease
but are, in rare instances, isolated in the lung.
However, it rarely leaves any sequelae, except for some areas of scleral transparency or stromal keratitis in cases of severe nodular disease
always occurring in the same area.
Chronic silicosis is a bilateral nodular disease
, starting in the upper zones.
Furthermore, a negative association between higher TRAb levels and nodular disease
is evidence against mediation of nodule formation by TSH receptor stimulation in the thyroid gland.
At baseline, smokers were more likely to be rheumatoid factor positive and have nodular disease
, but smokers and non-smokers did not differ in baseline Disease Activity Score 28 (DAS28), Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) scores, pain scores, or C-reactive protein level.
Their tissue specimens were sent for routine pathology and analyzed for the presence of inflammation, the type of nodular disease
, the size of the nodules, and the surrounding tissue pathology.
The reason for the reduced rate of nodular disease
in Benin remains obscure.
A simple blood test to differentiate benign from malignant thyroid nodular disease
has demonstrated great accuracy in early clinical studies--and may eventually enable many patients with thyroid nodules to avoid fine needle aspiration biopsy, Manjula K.