nitric


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nitric

 [ni´trik]
pertaining to or containing nitrogen in one of its higher valences.
nitric acid a highly caustic, fuming acid that has a characteristic choking odor and can be fatal if swallowed. It is sometimes used as a cauterizing agent in the eradication of warts; large amounts of it on the skin can cause necrosis. It is also used in the form of its potassium and sodium salts. The antidote for nitric acid poisoning is liberal application of an alkali or sodium bicarbonate.
nitric oxide
1. NO, a naturally occurring gas that in the body is a short-lived dilator released from vascular epithelial cells in response to the binding of vasodilators to endothelial cell receptors; it causes inhibition of muscular contraction, and thus relaxation. Excesses of nitric oxide are toxic to cells of the central nervous system and also cause the drop in blood pressure seen in septic shock. Called also endothelial- or endothelium-derived relaxing factor.
2. a preparation of nitric oxide used together with ventilatory support or other agents in the treatment of respiratory failure due to persistent fetal circulation in term and near-term neonates; administered by inhalation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Production of nitric oxide allows blood to flow efficiently, thus effectively distributing nutrients all over the body.
among others are some of the prominent players at the forefront of competition in the Global Nitric Acid Market and are profiled in MRFR Analysis.
The UVR-only site was found to have less nitric oxide-associated vasodilation than in the control arm.
AIT Therapeutics is likely to apply for Premarket Approval of its nitric oxide product to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the second quarter of 2019.
This study will assess the effects of nitric oxide in modified criteria human lung transplants via EVLP at four major US lung transplant centres through the Q4 2018.
In addition, nitric oxide treatment reduced the overall major adverse kidney events at 30 days (relative risk, 0.4; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.18 to 0.92; P = 0.016), 90 days (relative risk, 0.4; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.17 to 0.92; P = 0.015), and one year (relative risk, 0.47; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.2 to 1.1; P = 0.041).
Caption: The Polar Night Nitric Oxide, or PolarNOx, experiment from Virginia Tech is launched aboard a NASA Black Brant IX sounding rocket at 8:45 a.m.
Moreover, Asia-Pacific is projected to emerge as the fastest growing global nitric acid market over the next five years, on account rising demand from emerging economies such as India and China.
Researchers found that the more alcohol consumed by an excessive drinker the lower the nitric oxide level.
They hoped that these sources would continue a chain reaction to produce nitric oxide in the body and help improve people's cardiovascular systems.
Nitric oxide plays a key role in the healthy functioning of the endothelium.
In his book "NO more Heart Disease," Ignarro boasted and proved that "Nitric oxide can preventeven reverseheart disease and strokes."