nitrate

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Related to nitrations: Aromatic nitration

nitrate

 [ni´trāt]
any salt or ester of nitric acid; organic nitrates are used in the treatment of angina pectoris and as preservatives in meat products. Some individuals have sensitivity to nitrates and may suffer from headache, diarrhea, or urticaria after ingesting them.

ni·trate

(nī'trāt),
A salt of nitric acid.

nitrate

/ni·trate/ (ni´trāt) any salt of nitric acid; organic nitrates are used in the treatment of angina pectoris.

nitrate

[nī′trāt]
Etymology: Gk, nitron, soda
1 the ion NO3-.
2 a salt of nitric acid.

ni·trate

(nī'trāt)
A salt of nitric acid.

nitrate

any salt of nitric acid. High intakes by animals may occur when they eat large quantities of lush herbage that has been heavily fertilized with a nitrogen fertilizer such as potassium or ammonium nitrate. It can also occur after a long drought during which nitrification bacteria accumulate large amounts of nitrate in the soil and the first growth after the drought breaks may also be toxic.
Pigs fed on food residues may ingest potassium nitrate used in meat curing when their swill contains butcher's residues.

nitrate explosives
nitroglycerin and others used to blast out water holes and left in the hole may cause subsequent nitrate poisoning.
nitrate poisoning
unusual unless animals get access to unguarded fertilizer or butcher shop residue containing potassium nitrate. Causes gastroenteritis with diarrhea and vomiting. Long-term, low level intake thought to cause abortion in cattle. Chief importance is as a constituent of ruminant diet and its conversion in the rumen to nitrite causing nitrite poisoning.
nitrate reduction test
a biochemical reaction used in the identification of bacteria, particularly mycobacteria. It is based on the reduction of nitrate to nitrite and/or the release of nitrogen gas.
References in periodicals archive ?
Vondormeal, "Regioselective Nitration of Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Metallic Nitrates on the K10 Montmorillonite under Menke Conditions," Chem.
Vostrikova, "Selectivity of Nitration Reactions of Organic Compounds on Zeolites H-Y and H-ZSM-11," J.
Perfluorinated Resinsulfonic Acid Catalyzed Nitration of Aromatics," J.
Smallridge, "A Fast and Mild Method for the Nitration of Aromatic Rings," Tetrahedron Lett.
Tortato, "Sulfuric Acid on Silica Gel: An Inexpensive Catalyst for Aromatic Nitration," Tetrahedron Lett.
Malysheva, "Gas Phase Nitration of Aromatic Compounds at Zeolites with Nitrogen Dioxide," Russian J.
Deboos, "Superior Methodology for the Nitration of Simple Aromatic Compounds," Chem.
Deboos, "A Novel Method for the Nitration of Simple Aromatic Compounds," J.
Ono, "Vapor Phase Nitration of Benzene over Silica Supported Sulfonic Acid Catalyst," Chem.
Prins, "Zeolites as Catalysts for the Selective Para Nitration of Toluene," Proc.
Prins, "Potential Routes for the Nitration of Toluene and Nitrotoluene with Solid Acids," Catal.