nihilism

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nihilism

 [ni´ĭ-lizm]
1. an attitude of skepticism regarding traditional values and beliefs or their frank rejection.
2. a delusion of nonexistence of part or all of the self or the world. adj., adj nihilis´tic.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

ni·hil·ism

(nī'il-izm, nī'hi-lizm),
1. In psychiatry, the delusion of the nonexistence of everything, especially of the self or part of the self.
2. Engagement in acts that are totally destructive to one's own purposes and those of one's group.
[L. nihil, nothing]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

nihilism

(nī′ə-lĭz′əm, nē′-)
n.
1. Philosophy The doctrine that nothing actually exists or that existence or values are meaningless.
2. Relentless negativity or cynicism suggesting an absence of values or beliefs: nihilism in postwar art.
3.
a. Political belief or action that advocates or commits violence or terrorism without discernible constructive goals.
b. also Nihilism A diffuse, revolutionary movement of mid-19th-century Russia that scorned authority and tradition and believed in reason, materialism, and radical change in society and government through terrorism and assassination.
4. Psychiatry A delusion, experienced in some mental disorders, that the world or one's mind, body, or self does not exist.

ni′hil·ist n.
ni′hil·is′tic adj.
ni′hil·is′ti·cal·ly adv.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

ni·hil·ism

(nī'i-lizm)
1. psychiatry The delusion of the nonexistence of everything, especially of the self or part of the self.
2. Engagement in acts that are totally destructive to one's own purposes and those of one's group.
[L. nihil, nothing]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

nihilism

1. A psychotic delusion of one's non-existence or of the non-existence of the world.
2. Extreme pessimism about the effectiveness of any form of medical treatment, especially of the use of drugs (therapeutic nihilism).
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
(14) Bloom is only the most recent critic to read the ending of King Lear nihilistically. I can touch only a few bibliographic bases here, but critics from Sylvan Barnet in 1955 to James L.
Nihilistically depressing though it is, pic nonetheless makes the preciousness of human life feel very immediate; characters' numbed stoicism is vivid as an instinct for survival that transcends "choice," bravery, even suffering.
Our picture of the backwoods, depending on the artist employing it, ranges from the nihilistically violent to the frantically slapstick.
German evil represented by nihilistic intellectual discussions, by Leverkuhn's contracting syphilis willfully from the "hetaera Esmerelda" by advanced music nihilistically negating Beethoven's Ninth Symphony--with the passage of time, with the accumulated knowledge of the Holocaust, of the Death that was a "Meister aus Deutschland" Doctor Faustus itself is looking hollow, unreal.
At the end of this novel, which was written mainly in the late 1960s, Coffin Ed is killed by a nihilistically black-conscious Grave Digger, who, in turn, is ironically killed by the black revolutionary protagonist Tomsson Black.
He can only conclude, nihilistically and in contradiction with actuality, that he has no real self, no real language, no real knowledge.
His best novel, Among Women Only, is seen from the point of view of such a woman; while his own death is given, there, to a nihilistically spiritual woman of the same monde.
AH: Another race-based issue: the white characters seem stuck in the past, like Lenny, or nihilistically, concerned with the present, like Max.