nihilism


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Related to nihilism: Moral nihilism

nihilism

 [ni´ĭ-lizm]
1. an attitude of skepticism regarding traditional values and beliefs or their frank rejection.
2. a delusion of nonexistence of part or all of the self or the world. adj., adj nihilis´tic.

ni·hil·ism

(nī'il-izm, nī'hi-lizm),
1. In psychiatry, the delusion of the nonexistence of everything, especially of the self or part of the self.
2. Engagement in acts that are totally destructive to one's own purposes and those of one's group.
[L. nihil, nothing]

nihilism

(nī′ə-lĭz′əm, nē′-)
n.
1. Philosophy The doctrine that nothing actually exists or that existence or values are meaningless.
2. Relentless negativity or cynicism suggesting an absence of values or beliefs: nihilism in postwar art.
3.
a. Political belief or action that advocates or commits violence or terrorism without discernible constructive goals.
b. also Nihilism A diffuse, revolutionary movement of mid-19th-century Russia that scorned authority and tradition and believed in reason, materialism, and radical change in society and government through terrorism and assassination.
4. Psychiatry A delusion, experienced in some mental disorders, that the world or one's mind, body, or self does not exist.

ni′hil·ist n.
ni′hil·is′tic adj.
ni′hil·is′ti·cal·ly adv.

ni·hil·ism

(nī'i-lizm)
1. psychiatry The delusion of the nonexistence of everything, especially of the self or part of the self.
2. Engagement in acts that are totally destructive to one's own purposes and those of one's group.
[L. nihil, nothing]

nihilism

1. A psychotic delusion of one's non-existence or of the non-existence of the world.
2. Extreme pessimism about the effectiveness of any form of medical treatment, especially of the use of drugs (therapeutic nihilism).
References in periodicals archive ?
But what does Rosen mean by nihilism? And how is it related to his critique of Modernity?
To sum up, Possenti poses again the problem of nihilism from a philosophical standpoint closely aligned with the classical philosophy of being inaugurated by Aquinas and resumed in last century by Jacques Maritain.
This is a fascinating twist on the original theory of Nietzsche and can be seen to be immensely more aggressive; for if God's existence is too nihilistic, then perhaps Tarr is denying active nihilism: that neither God nor humanity has any potential for creation of beauty and that both hold only the ability to destroy.
In Chapter 2, Dreyfus & Kelly suggest that this chronic indecisiveness and hesitation reflects our culture's 'nihilism', which they describe as the view that, in the end, '[w]e seem to have no ground for choosing one course of action over another' (15).
The first paper in this edition by David Storey, 'Nihilism, Nature, and the Collapse of the Cosmos' is timely, providing a much needed history of the word 'nihilism' and of those who have recognized it and struggled against it.
On their view, the revival of the Greek pantheon offers the most promising alternative to nihilism.
In "Nietzsche y el debate contemporaneo," Senes touches on nihilistic appraisals of the Second World War and reviews positions held by Nietzsche (all too briefly, given his impact on how nihilism would be viewed ever after, although Nietzsche does reappear intermittently elsewhere and in much fuller force in a later chapter entitled "Genealogia del nihilismo y contramovimiento: Nietzsche"), Karl Lowith, Leo Strauss, Jean Paul Sartre, Albert Camus, Hans Jonas, Ernst Junger, and Martin Heidegger.
The cleric said although the West is afflicted by nihilism, "Muslims in Egypt, Libya and Tunisia are fighting with their lives to achieve this goal."
The novelist rebuked the "nihilism" of the Islamic militant Hamas, which has called for the destruction of Israel and has fired rockets from the Gaza Strip into Israeli towns.
Nihilism in Palestine means "the sense of hopelessness" and the complete loss of a futuristic outlook that transcends certain demographics and encompasses large segments of Palestinian Society.
This is a collection of essays on Borges and philosophy, with contributions (in addition to essays by the editors) by Stephen Gingerich (on nihilism), Bruno Bosteels (on Borges as antiphilosopher), Krzysztok Ziarek (on the "fiction of possibility"), Santiago Colas (on hopelessness and potency in "E1 Aleph"), Brett Levinson (on "El Evangelio segun Marcos"), Alberto Moreiras (on Wilkins and universal languages), Kate Jenckes (on concepts of law in Borges), Era Horn (on duels in Borges) and Lisa Block de Behar (on Borges's readings of Martin Buber).
Nietzsche's prophetic vision reveals the decadence of Western civilization and encourages men, with Zarathustra's messages, to cling to a new philosophy positioned 'beyond good and evil': 'God's Death' and 'Umwertung,' the 'Will to Power' and the 'Ubermensch,' the 'Eternal return.' According to Heidegger, Nietzsche's nihilism is not only "the process of devaluating supreme values," but it is the "preliminary stage of a 'new' set of values"; therefore it is not a "total decline (Niedergang)," but a "transfer (Ubergang) to 'new' conditions of existence," in which men will be capable of loving life (amor fati) and themselves totally.