nicotine poisoning

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to nicotine poisoning: nicotine addiction, caffeine poisoning


 [nik´o-tēn, nik´o-tin]
a very poisonous alkaloid that in its pure state is a colorless, pungent, oily liquid, having an acrid burning taste. It is a constituent of tobacco, and is also produced synthetically. It is administered orally, intranasally, or by inhalation as an aid to smoking cessation. In water solution, it is sometimes used as an insecticide and plant spray.

Although nicotine is highly toxic, the amount inhaled while smoking tobacco is too small to cause death. The nicotine in tobacco can, however, cause indigestion and increase in blood pressure, and dull the appetite. It also acts as a vasoconstrictor. Researchers link smoking with heart disease, lung cancer, and other diseases.
nicotine poisoning poisoning by nicotine, such as in children who eat cigarettes, workers who handle wet tobacco leaves, or persons who overuse nicotine gums or patches. Symptoms include stimulation followed by depression of the central and autonomic nervous systems and occasionally death due to respiratory paralysis. Called also nicotinism.
nicotine polacrilex nicotine bound to a cation exchange resin; used in nicotine chewing gum as an aid to smoking cessation.

nicotine poisoning

poisoning from intake of nicotine, characterized by stimulation of the central and autonomic nervous systems followed by depression of these systems. In fatal cases, death occurs from respiratory failure. See also acute nicotine poisoning.
Occupational medicine Green tobacco sickness
Public health A toxic physiologic response to nicotine resulting from tobacco consumption by smoking or via smokeless tobacco
References in periodicals archive ?
The Channel 4 programme-makers say of the scandal: "Toxins are absorbed through the skin and workers can suffer acute nicotine poisoning.
According to a study by Plan, the kids showed an array of nicotine poisoning symptoms, such as severe headaches, abdominal pain, muscle weakness and breathlessness.
Tobacco workers are vulnerable to the same kinds of injuries and diseases encountered by any other agricultural worker--accidents with farm machinery or tools, heat exhaustion and heat stroke from working in fields, acute and chronic health effects associated with mixing and applying pesticides, and respiratory problems including asthma and silicosis (GTS), a form of nicotine poisoning that results from workers brushing against wet tobacco leaves.
At one point she threatens Corban with nicotine poisoning, claiming it's not detectable.
This sickening report finds that the tobacco growing industry in the United States exploits children and teens in its tobacco fields, exposing them to nicotine poisoning from tobacco plants and working them for long hours under degrading conditions.
A study in the March 2000 issue of the American Journal of Industrial Medicine finds that commercialization and consolidation of tobacco farms may be causing a rise in green tobacco sickness, a form of acute nicotine poisoning that occurs after brushing against wet tobacco leaves.
Chunyong is now recovering from nicotine poisoning at a hospital in the Chinese province of Hubei.
Poison centers report hundreds of cases of cigarette butt consumption among children under 6 years old, with some cases of moderate toxicity due to nicotine poisoning.
The advisory covered topics such as nicotine poisonings and youth use and issued recommendations to health care professionals, calling for them to educate parents and youth about the products.