nicastrin


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ni·cas·trin

(nī'kas-trin),
Transmembrane glycoprotein involved in presenilin complex activities.
[Nicastro, Italy, where an early study of familial Alzheimer disease was made]
References in periodicals archive ?
The a-secretase complex, comprising four essential protein subunits including presenilin, presenilin enhancer 2, nicastrin, and anterior pharynx defective 1, is a transmembrane protease that controls a number of important cellular functions through substrate cleavage.
Gamma-secretase composed of PS1/Pen2/Aph1a can cleave notch and amyloid precursor protein in the absence of nicastrin.
Four proteins are required for this complex: PS1 or PS2, nicastrin, presenilin enhancer 2, and anterior pharynx defective 1.
The [beta]-secretase (BACE1, transmembrane aspartyl protease) initiates endoproteolytic cleavage giving rise to N-terminus of A[beta] ([beta]-secretase cleaved APP to [beta]CTF as the intermediate) followed by [gamma]-secretase (membrane-embedded aspartyl protease complex consisting of presenilin, PS), presenilin enhancer-2 (Pen-2), anterior pharynx defective-1 (Aph-1), and nicastrin, which reveals the C-terminus of A[beta] [51].
Nicastrin mutations in French families with hidradenitis suppurativa.
secretase activity is confined to a complex consisting of presenilin (PSEN), nicastrin (NCT), APH-1 and PEN-2.
Gamma-secretase is a membrane protein complex comprised of presenilin, nicastrin, Aph-1, and Pen-2.
Gamma secretase is a membrane protein complex comprised of presenilin, nicastrin, Aph-1 and Pen-2.
Nicastrin acts as a substrate recognition component of GS at the membrane [3].
Nicastrin modulates presenilin-mediated notch/glp-1 signal transduction and betaAPP processing.
Using cultured human cells, as well as test-tube assays, university researchers singled out how just one portion of the enzyme, a protein called nicastrin, is involved in the pathway that produces beta-amyloid, thereby leading to Alzheimer's disease.
sup][2] found independent loss-of-function mutations in presenilin enhancer gamma-secretase subunit ( PSENEN ), presenilin 1 ( PSEN1 ), or Nicastrin ( NCSTN ), which encode essential components of the a-secretase multiprotein complex.