While Jelloun's story offers a somewhat positive resolution to the encounter between Italians and Africans, even if narrated against the background of the killing of Masslo, the poems of Ndjock Ngana
Yogo Ndjock and Chidi Christian Uzoma, long-time residents of Italy who migrated from Cameroun and Nigeria respectively, offer a much more critical stance.
"For this people of Mali, to identify and identify with a hero, a ngana
[hero of heroes], is no less than a matter of psychological survival", writes Sidibe (2012).
Mu lumele lika kaufela zeni eza, sihulu bale ba bakwaluhile hanyinyani ngana
, butata cwale bu fumaneha fa kulika kucinca mihupulo yabani baba hupulela fa kaufi.
In the guessing game, Ngana
ngai?, 'Who am I?', described earlier, birth-order names are assigned to individuals, and students are encouraged to use them.
Producers also want to find a girl to play Bloody Mary's native helper, who would have the same skills and appearance as, and understudy both the roles of, Ngana
, a girl, and Jerome would need to be of a playing age of between seven and 11 years, black, mixed-raced Caucasian/black or similar dark skin tone, with some singing and movement skills.
This year though, there is no such problem in casting the roles of the children, Ngana
and Jerome, even though four children are needed for the two parts, because of rules governing the number of appearance allowed in one week for minors.
The 12-year-old, who attends Stagecoach Theatre School, is playing young French girl Ngana
in the Rodgers and Hammerstein classic, which is currently on national tour.
William Harbison Scan Cullen Stewpot Victor Hawks Jerome Luka Kain Liat Li Jun Li Ngana
Laurissa Romain Capt.
She likened her husband's comfortable compound of red brick houses in Ngana
village to a penitentiary.
Esaie, First Vice President, Chadian Association of Family Wellbeing (ASTBEF)