neutralization

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neu·tral·i·za·tion

(nū'trăl-i-zā'shŭn),
1. The change in reaction of a solution from acid or alkaline to neutral by the addition of just a sufficient amount of an alkaline or of an acid substance, respectively.
2. The rendering ineffective of any action, process, or potential.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

neu·tral·i·za·tion

(nū'trăl-ī-zā'shŭn)
1. The change in reaction of a solution from acid or alkaline to neutral by the addition of just a sufficient amount of an alkaline or an acid substance, respectively.
2. The rendering ineffective of any action, process, or potential.
Synonym(s): neutralisation.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

neutralization

1. A technique for determining the power of an ophthalmic lens. It is accomplished by placing a lens of known power and opposite sign in contact with the unknown lens and moved back and forth in a plane perpendicular to the line of sight until the observation of movement (against or with) of the distant image seen through the lenses disappear. The unknown lens will have the opposite power to that which neutralizes this apparent movement. 2. A method of breaking down hydrogen peroxide from a contact lens (mostly soft) following contact lens disinfection to avoid possible irritation to ocular tissues. This can be achieved by rinsing and dilution with saline, by using a solution with an enzyme catalase or a platinum disc incorporated into the lens case, or with a chemical agent such as sodium pyruvate or sodium thiosulfate. See disinfection; focimeter.
Millodot: Dictionary of Optometry and Visual Science, 7th edition. © 2009 Butterworth-Heinemann

neu·tral·i·za·tion

(nū'trăl-ī-zā'shŭn)
1. The change in reaction of a solution from acid or alkaline to neutral by the addition of a sufficient amount of an alkaline or an acid substance, respectively.
2. The rendering ineffective of any action, process, or potential.
Synonym(s): neutralisation.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Neutralization [d.sub.p] [V.sub.p] [M.sub.c] (%) PH (g/[cm.sup.3]) (x [10.sup.-3]) (g/mol) 70 5.64 1.77 3.497 389,849 75 5.76 1.79 3.301 433,596 80 5.94 1.80 3.051 499,347 85 6.16 1.82 2.499 704,074 90 6.56 1.84 3.576 389,906 Neutralization v (x [10.sup.-6]) (%) [chi] (mol/[cm.sup.3]) 70 -0.5012 4.54 75 -0.5011 4.12 80 -0.5010 3.61 85 -0.5008 2.59 90 -0.5012 4.71 TABLE 2.
The use of neutralization was operationalized as the choice to impose a lighter punishment.
The third hypothesis was that if the ignorability thesis is true, neutralization would be easiest when a friend was the perpetrator and a stranger was the victim (questions 1 and 5); that is, the chosen punishment would be lowest, and the difference between delinquents and nondelinquents would be greatest.
However, in the opposite case (when the perpetrator was a friend and the victim was a stranger), a large difference between the two delinquent groups and the nondelinquents would be expected, as neutralization could be easily applied.
The fourth hypothesis was that if neutralization is behavior-specific, violent delinquents would excuse violent acts, while nonviolent delinquents would excuse nonviolent acts but not violent acts.
Not necessarily; delinquents may be well aware of conventional morality, but find grounds to excuse delinquent behavior (i.e., neutralization).
Future research is needed on these interesting exceptions to the neutralization paradigm.
Neutralization and deviance in the workplace: Theft of supplies and medicines by hospital nurses.
Delinquent values and victim damage: Exploring the limits of neutralization theory.
Techniques of neutralization: A reconceptualization and empirical examination.
Neutralization and delinquency: A comparison by sex and ethnicity.
Techniques of neutralization: A theory of delinquency.