neutralization

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neu·tral·i·za·tion

(nū'trăl-i-zā'shŭn),
1. The change in reaction of a solution from acid or alkaline to neutral by the addition of just a sufficient amount of an alkaline or of an acid substance, respectively.
2. The rendering ineffective of any action, process, or potential.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

neu·tral·i·za·tion

(nū'trăl-ī-zā'shŭn)
1. The change in reaction of a solution from acid or alkaline to neutral by the addition of just a sufficient amount of an alkaline or an acid substance, respectively.
2. The rendering ineffective of any action, process, or potential.
Synonym(s): neutralisation.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

neutralization

1. A technique for determining the power of an ophthalmic lens. It is accomplished by placing a lens of known power and opposite sign in contact with the unknown lens and moved back and forth in a plane perpendicular to the line of sight until the observation of movement (against or with) of the distant image seen through the lenses disappear. The unknown lens will have the opposite power to that which neutralizes this apparent movement. 2. A method of breaking down hydrogen peroxide from a contact lens (mostly soft) following contact lens disinfection to avoid possible irritation to ocular tissues. This can be achieved by rinsing and dilution with saline, by using a solution with an enzyme catalase or a platinum disc incorporated into the lens case, or with a chemical agent such as sodium pyruvate or sodium thiosulfate. See disinfection; focimeter.
Millodot: Dictionary of Optometry and Visual Science, 7th edition. © 2009 Butterworth-Heinemann

neu·tral·i·za·tion

(nū'trăl-ī-zā'shŭn)
1. The change in reaction of a solution from acid or alkaline to neutral by the addition of a sufficient amount of an alkaline or an acid substance, respectively.
2. The rendering ineffective of any action, process, or potential.
Synonym(s): neutralisation.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
These results are complemented by those of the study of the inhibitory effect and the neutralization test of organic acids in the presence of organ extracts that show the capability of recuperating the strain at test doses of 0.625% and 1.25% for the three inoculums and in different media for lactic acid.
The RFFIT is one of the most widely used substitutes to the Mouse Neutralization Test (MNT) and is a rapid test that requires only 20 hours for completion and is slightly more sensitive than the MNT for detecting virus neutralizing antibodies (VNAs) in postvaccinal sera [35, 36].
The neutralization test also showed increases ([greater than or equal to] 4- fold) in EHDV-6 antibody titers for paired serum samples of 5 cattle (nos.
A neutralization test is likely to be the optimal assay for assessing plasma used for therapy, but because our data indicated that the S1 ELISA correlates well with neutralization titers, the S1 ELISA might be a suitable screening test for selecting persons for plasma donation.
Our results suggest that the classical flavivirus plaque/focus reduction neutralization test might be reliable for determining previous Zika virus infection, particularly in the setting of retrospective serologic surveys and vaccine trials.
To ensure that diagnostic criteria of acute infection were met, as previously described, IgM-positive samples were confirmed with IgG IFA testing (5) and studied with INKV prototype strain KN3641 (1), CHATV Mohko strain M07-1 (13), and TAHV prototype strain Bardos 92 (28) plaque-reduction neutralization test (PRNT) (13).
Lack of detectable cross-neutralization of HRTV by mouse hyperimmune ascites fluids containing high-titered antibodies to LSV, SCV, and RGV * Virus (challenge PRNT70 antibody titers dose, PFU) HRTV LSV SCV RGV HRTV (54) 160 <20 <20 <20 LSV (214) 20 >640 <20 <20 SCV (220) 20 <20 320 <20 RGV (14) <20 <20 <20 320 * HRTV, Heartland virus; LSV, lone star virus; [PRNT.sub.70], 70% plaque-reduction neutralization test; RGV, Rio Grande virus; SCV, Sunday Canyon virus.
([double dagger]) Determined by neutralization test. ([section]) Determined by nucleocapsid western blot.
Serum neutralization tests were conducted as described (10) by using Vero B4 (MERS-CoV) or PT (BCoV) cells.
Serologic indication of SLEV circulation in Peru was first obtained from hemagglutination-inhibition and neutralization tests of samples collected in 1965 from residents of eastern Peru (5).
Sixty-seven (26.1%) horses were positive for antibodies against flaviviruses by ELISA, and all 67 were positive for TBEV by virus-specific neutralization tests (Table, Appendix, wwwnc.cdc.gov/EID/article/19/4/12-1450-T1.
The blot data provided evidence of an infection with DOBV; to confirm the results, we performed serotyping by using focus reduction neutralization tests (Table 2).