Type 2, in which only the tail bud fails to develop and the true notochord remains unaffected (interference only with secondary neurulation
Ptychoderid hemichordates undergo vertebrate-like neurulation
(Luttrell et al., 2012) and yet have remarkable CNS regenerative abilities that may provide insight into achieving more extensive neural regeneration in humans (Luttrell et al., 2016).
Myelomeningocele is a sacculation of the meninx and spinal cord through a vertebral defect that develops because of a closure defect of the posterior neuropore, which is the latest phase of neurulation
in the third and fourth weeks of gestation.
A complex morphogenetic process transforms the neural plate into the hollow neural tube in a process known as "neurulation
(35) Claudins were started to express in epiblast after neurulation
and also expressed in endoderm (24) and liver.
Currarino syndrome is caused by abnormality in the canalization and retrogressive differentiation of caudal cell mass formed by secondary neurulation
INTRODUCTION: Development of central nervous system is a highly complicated process and is organized in the following steps: Primary neurulation
starts at 3-4 weeks of gestation, followed by prosencephalic development occurs at 2-3 months of gestation, neuronal proliferation starts at 3-4 months of gestation, and neuronal migration at the age of 3-5 months, followed by organization starts from 5 months of gestation to birth, and myelination after the birth will occur.
The visceral yolk sac endoderm provides for absorption of nutrients to the embryo during neurulation
. Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 2010; 88: 593-600, doi: 10.1002/bdra.v88:8.
Completion of implantation, gastrulation, and neurulation
are discussed before an interlude on, first, the mechanisms of normal and misdirected morphogenesis, and second, a general overview of fetal development and fetal healthcare needs.
(2011) Coordination of mitosis and morphogenesis: role of a prolonged G2 phase during chordate neurulation
. Development 138, 577-587.
Five groups were treated from the first day of pregnancy through day 10.5, the end of neurulation
, which generally occurs from E8.0-10.5, via treated drinking water containing 10 ppm Cd as cadmium chloride (CAS# 10108-64-2, 99.99% trace metals basis, Sigma-Aldrich Chemicals, St.