neurovascular island flap

neurovascular island flap

an island flap containing an artery, vein, and sensory nerve; commonly employed in hand surgery, based on the proper ulnar neurovascular bundle to the long or ring fingers, and used to resurface the volar tip of the thumb or index finger.
See also: neurovascular flap.
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These include, but are not limited to, flaps such as the cross finger, v-y, kite, thenar, neurovascular island flap for finger and thumb injuries, and local, distant, or free flaps for soft tissue coverage in the hand.
Several other local flaps can be used in the hand and fingers, including cross finger flaps, thenar flaps, and other transpositional flaps such as neurovascular island flaps.
Table 1 History of Surgical Procedures for Thumb Reconstruction 1900 Nicoladoni Osteoplastic Reconstruction 1931 Bunnell Pollicization of Injured Digit 1946 Gilles Cocked Hat 1948 Littler Pollicization 1955 Moberg Neurovascular Island Flap 1968 Cobbett Great Toe to Hand 1969 Matev Metacarpal Lengthening 1980 Morrison Wrap-Around Flap 1980 Leung Second Toe Transfer Table 2 Soft Tissue Treatment Options Open Treatment Skin Graft V-Y Advancement Flap Palmar Advancement Flap (Moberg) Cross Finger Flap