Clinical results of contralateral C7 root neurotization
to the median nerve in brachial plexus injuries with total root avulsions.
Although Merrell has concluded by recommending shoulder restoration should focus on either a spinal accessory nerve to suprascapular nerve transfer or dual nerve transfer to both suprascapular nerve (SSN) and axillary nerve, the above 2 cases where ICNs were used for SS neurotization
achieved 100% M3 or more shoulder abduction.
Direct motor neurotization
of the facial nerve was first described by Korte in 1903 through the use of the hypoglossal nerve with an end-to-end coaptation to the facial nerve.
These procedures are called direct neuromuscular neurotization
[12-14, 16, 17].
The branches of median nerve to pronator teres can be considered for neurotization
of the radial nerve in the cubital fossa.
Harvesting the flaps with the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve allows neurotization
of the flaps; however, we cannot confirm its value as it was only subjectively assessed.
Surgeons from around the world take a tissue-specific approach to upper extremity reconstruction, beginning with pedicled flaps and nerve transfers to restore sensibility, to standard nerve repairs, followed by nerve reconstruction using conduits, neurotization
, end-to-side repair, and nerve transfers, in addition to functioning free-muscle transfers.
CONCLUSION: The knowledge of the formation, course and distribution with all the possible variations of median nerve is an essential pre-requisite for traumatologists, neurologists, surgeons performing shoulder arthroscopy by anterior gleno-humeral portal and shoulder reconstructive surgeries, neuro-surgeons performing neurotization
[nerve repair, nerve transfer] of median nerve
Given the melanocytic origin of nevus cells, we propose that Melan-A (MART-1) may be useful for identifying melanocytes even in the background of extensive neurotization
Peculiarities of psychological disorders assessed, the patients undergoing plasty demonstrated lower anxiety and neurotization
, depressive disturbances and nervouspsychic tension being observed.
Accessory nerve neurotization
in infants with brachial plexus birth palsy.
Evaluation of suprascapular nerve neurotization
after nerve graft or transfer in the treatment of brachial plexus traction lesions.