While magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) confirm the diagnosis, neurosonology enables noninvasive bedside screening and evaluation of CCAD, and also is an ideal tool for monitoring of the course of the disease (12-20).
Neurosonology testing of carotid arteries was normal, but revealed hematoma in the right vertebral artery starting in the distal part of the V1 segment (Fig.
To help clear up some misunderstandings, Efrain Salgado, MD, director of the Cleveland Clinic Florida Stroke Center and Neurosonology
Laboratory, explains the truth about 10 common stroke myths
and Neuroimaging of Stroke: A Comprehensive Reference, 2nd Edition (online access included)
TCS was performed according to standardized procedures established at the Ninth Meeting of the European Society of Neurosonology
and Cerebral Hemodynamics.[sup] A phase-array ultrasound system equipped with a 2.5-MHz transducer (Sequoia 512, 4V1C transducer, Siemens Medical Solutions USA, Inc., USA) was used, with a penetration depth of 14–16 cm, dynamic range of 45–55 dB, and time gain compensation and image brightness adjusted automatically.[sup]
JOSE A EGIDO, MD MPHIL FESO, Stroke Unit and Neurosonology
Laboratory Clinical Lead, Hospital Clinico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain.
Neurologists and cerebrovascular specialists from the US, Asia, and Europe address all aspects of TIA as acute cerebrovascular syndrome, including the definition, concept, etiology, epidemiology, symptomatology, risk scores, neuroimaging, neurosonology
, acute management, primary and secondary prevention, guidelines for management, TIA clinics, stroke subtypes, and antithrombotic therapy.
In the multicenter Neurosonology
in Acute Ischaemic Stroke (NAIS) trial, the extent of MCA occlusion observed on TCD was significantly associated with functional outcome at 3 months .
"Protocols have already changed or are in the process of changing throughout the country as a result of this and multiple other similar trials," says Efrain Salgado, MD, director of the Cleveland Clinic Florida Stroke Center and Neurosonology
Editors Alonso, Hennerici, and Meairs present students, academics, researchers, and medical professionals with a collection of research that together provides an overview of neurosonology
and contemporary research into the neurological therapeutic and diagnostic applications of ultrasound.
They describe evoked potentials and electroencephalography; radiological techniques; techniques for cerebral blood flow, such as neurosonology
, laser Doppler and thermal diffusion flowmetry, jugular bulb oximetry, and near infrared spectroscopy; monitoring techniques for intracranial pressure, brain oxygen, cerebral microdialysis, and brain temperature; and device development, engineering, simulation, telemedicine, robotics, information processing, data acquisition and storage, medical informatics and multimodality monitoring, noninvasive brain monitoring, and future developments.