Ocular toxoplasmosis with direct optic nerve head involvement due to neuritis or neuroretinitis
had also been designated as toxoplasmic anterior optic neuropathy (TAON) by Banta JT and colleagues.
Bilateral stellar neuroretinitis
in a patient with dengue fever.
(1,4,5,6) However, optic nerve involvement due to Toxocara infection and development of neuroretinitis
is rare in the literature.
In this case, the LAP grows at the bite/scratch site 1-8 weeks after infection and clinical findings of anonymous fever, encephalitis, neuroretinitis
, granulomatous conjunctivitis, hepatosplenic involvement, atypical pneumonia and thrombocytopenic purpura may be seen (3,4).
More severe and uncommon complications include panuveitis, optic neuritis, central retinal artery occlusion, multifocal choroiditis, and neuroretinitis
; exudative retinal detachments have also been described (10, 13, 14, 15).
y/sex Complication 1 15/M 2 4/F FUO 3 6/F FUO 4 13/M 5 14/F 6 8/M 7 10/M 8 8/F 9 10/M 10 7/F 11 2/M 12 15/M Neuroretinitis
13 6/F 14 10/M 15 12/F 16 13/M FUO 17 9/F 18 4/M 19 14/F Neuroretinitis
20 56/F Neuroretinitis
21 35/F 22 7/M * Blank cells indicate no complications.
Optic nerve involvement in patients with IBD may present as neuroretinitis
, papillitis, optic neuritis (ON, demyelinating), or ischemic optic neuropathy (5).
Past medical history was significant for neuroretinitis
as a young child.
Optic nerve disease such as papillitis and neuroretinitis
are quite uncommon.
Rarer symptoms include neuroretinitis
, myocarditis, pericarditis, pneumonia, vasculitis, nephritis, fulminant hepatitis, pancreatitis, and neurological involvement [2, 3].
We extrapolated further information and summarized the results according to the standardization of uveitis nomenclature, which comprises the following: anterior uveitis, intermediate uveitis, posterior uveitis, panuveitis, retinitis and retinal vasculitis, necrotizing retinitis, choroiditis, serous retinal detachment, macular edema, neuroretinitis
, papillitis, and optic edema.