neuroretinitis

neuroretinitis

 [noor″o-ret″ĭ-ni´tis]
inflammation of the optic nerve and retina.

neu·ro·ret·i·ni·tis

(nū'rō-ret'i-nī'tis),
An inflammation affecting the optic nerve head and the posterior pole of the retina, with cells in the nearby vitreous, usually producing a macular star.
Synonym(s): papilloretinitis

neu·ro·ret·i·ni·tis

(nūr'ō-ret-i-nī'tis)
An inflammation affecting the optic nerve head and the posterior pole of the retina, with cells in the nearby vitreous, usually producing a macular star.
Synonym(s): papilloretinitis.

neuroretinitis

Inflammation of the optic nerve head and adjacent retina. It is characterized by optic disc oedema, loss of vision, macular exudates, which frequently form a star-like pattern, and whitish lesions scattered throughout the fundus. A common cause is viral infection and it may also appear as a complication of syphilis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ocular toxoplasmosis with direct optic nerve head involvement due to neuritis or neuroretinitis had also been designated as toxoplasmic anterior optic neuropathy (TAON) by Banta JT and colleagues.
Bilateral stellar neuroretinitis in a patient with dengue fever.
(1,4,5,6) However, optic nerve involvement due to Toxocara infection and development of neuroretinitis is rare in the literature.
In this case, the LAP grows at the bite/scratch site 1-8 weeks after infection and clinical findings of anonymous fever, encephalitis, neuroretinitis, granulomatous conjunctivitis, hepatosplenic involvement, atypical pneumonia and thrombocytopenic purpura may be seen (3,4).
More severe and uncommon complications include panuveitis, optic neuritis, central retinal artery occlusion, multifocal choroiditis, and neuroretinitis; exudative retinal detachments have also been described (10, 13, 14, 15).
y/sex Complication 1 15/M 2 4/F FUO 3 6/F FUO 4 13/M 5 14/F 6 8/M 7 10/M 8 8/F 9 10/M 10 7/F 11 2/M 12 15/M Neuroretinitis 13 6/F 14 10/M 15 12/F 16 13/M FUO 17 9/F 18 4/M 19 14/F Neuroretinitis 20 56/F Neuroretinitis 21 35/F 22 7/M * Blank cells indicate no complications.
Optic nerve involvement in patients with IBD may present as neuroretinitis, papillitis, optic neuritis (ON, demyelinating), or ischemic optic neuropathy (5).
Past medical history was significant for neuroretinitis as a young child.
Optic nerve disease such as papillitis and neuroretinitis are quite uncommon.
Rarer symptoms include neuroretinitis, myocarditis, pericarditis, pneumonia, vasculitis, nephritis, fulminant hepatitis, pancreatitis, and neurological involvement [2, 3].
We extrapolated further information and summarized the results according to the standardization of uveitis nomenclature, which comprises the following: anterior uveitis, intermediate uveitis, posterior uveitis, panuveitis, retinitis and retinal vasculitis, necrotizing retinitis, choroiditis, serous retinal detachment, macular edema, neuroretinitis, papillitis, and optic edema.