neuropeptide


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Related to neuropeptide: Neuropeptide Y

neuropeptide

 [noor″o-pep´tīd]
any of several types of molecules found in brain tissue, composed of short chains of amino acids; they include endorphins, enkephalins, vasopressin, and others.

neu·ro·pep·tide

(nū'rō-pep'tīd),
Any of a variety of peptides found in neural tissue, for example, endorphins, enkephalins.

neuropeptide

(no͝or′ō-pĕp′tīd, nyo͝or′-)
n.
Any of various short-chain peptides found in brain tissue, such as endorphins.

neuropeptide

Any of a family of LMW–< 5 kD intracellular peptides that transmit information in the CNS, GI tract, etc Neuropeptides ACTH, angiotensin II, bombesin, bradykinin, calcitonin gene-related products, carnosine, cholecystokinin, corticotropin-releasing factor, dynorphins, β-endorphin, leu-enkephalin, met-enkephalin, gastric inhibitory polypeptide, gastrin, glucagon, GH, growth hormone releasing factor, insulin, LHRH, α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone, melanotropin-inhibiting factor, motilin, neurotensin, oxytocin, prolactin, secretin, somatostatin-14 and -28, substance P, TRF, thyrotropin, VIP, vasopressin. See Endorphin, Hormone, Neurotransmitter, Synapsin.

neu·ro·pep·tide

(nūr'ō-pep'tīd)
Any of a variety of peptides found in neural tissue; e.g., endorphins, enkephalins.
Compare: bioregulator

neuropeptide

see ENDORPHIN.

neu·ro·pep·tide

(nūr'ō-pep'tīd)
Any of a variety of peptides found in neural tissue.
References in periodicals archive ?
Since neuropeptide Y (NPY) was first extracted from a mammalian brain in 1982 (Tatemoto et al., 1982), many studies have found that the npy mRNA is expressed in the central nervous system, peripheral nervous system and peripheral tissues of mammals and teleosts, with the highest expression in the brain (Chen and Li, 2005; Kehoe and Volkoff, 2007; Malmstrom, 2001; Murashita et al., 2009).
Neuropeptide S: a neuropeptide promoting arousal and anxiolytic-like effects.
Regarding the other neuropeptide, nesfatin-1, we observed significantly lower nesfatin-1 concentrations in individuals with MetS versus a control.
Intranasally administered neuropeptide S (NPS) exerts anxiolytic effects following internalization into NPS receptor-expressing neurons.
"We wanted to figure out which neuropeptide was involved in the 'switch' between the DRG and the spinal cord."
In the more-recent study, Sternberg and his team isolated genes that encode various neuropeptides that are produced at high levels within this one sleep-inducing neuron.
For their research, they used fruit flies in which neurons expressing the neuropeptide corazonin (CRZ) could be switched "on" by exposure to red light.
While the males with high levels of neuropeptide F in their brains chose the non-alcoholic food, those who had not been exposed to the red light preferred the alcohol.
McLaughlin's group showed that the endogenous neuropeptide opioid growth factor, which inhibits cytokine release, is reduced in MS patients and restored with Low dose naltrexone (LDN) treatment.
Taff will present Regulation of N/OFQ, a Neuropeptide Modulating Pain and Anxiety.
CombiGene's platform utilises gene therapy vectors to release a combination of neuropeptide y and NPY receptors into brain cells.