neuropeptide


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Related to neuropeptide: Neuropeptide Y

neuropeptide

 [noor″o-pep´tīd]
any of several types of molecules found in brain tissue, composed of short chains of amino acids; they include endorphins, enkephalins, vasopressin, and others.

neu·ro·pep·tide

(nū'rō-pep'tīd),
Any of a variety of peptides found in neural tissue, for example, endorphins, enkephalins.

neuropeptide

/neu·ro·pep·tide/ (noor″o-pep´tīd) any of the molecules composed of short chains of amino acids (endorphins, enkephalins, vasopressin, etc.) found in brain tissue.

neuropeptide

(no͝or′ō-pĕp′tīd, nyo͝or′-)
n.
Any of various short-chain peptides found in brain tissue, such as endorphins.

neuropeptide

[noor′ō·pep′tīd]
any of several types of molecules found in brain tissue, composed of short chains of amino acids including endorphins, enkephalins, vasopressin, and others. They are often localized in axon terminals at synapses and are classified as putative neurotransmitters, although some are also hormones.

neuropeptide

Any of a family of LMW–< 5 kD intracellular peptides that transmit information in the CNS, GI tract, etc Neuropeptides ACTH, angiotensin II, bombesin, bradykinin, calcitonin gene-related products, carnosine, cholecystokinin, corticotropin-releasing factor, dynorphins, β-endorphin, leu-enkephalin, met-enkephalin, gastric inhibitory polypeptide, gastrin, glucagon, GH, growth hormone releasing factor, insulin, LHRH, α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone, melanotropin-inhibiting factor, motilin, neurotensin, oxytocin, prolactin, secretin, somatostatin-14 and -28, substance P, TRF, thyrotropin, VIP, vasopressin. See Endorphin, Hormone, Neurotransmitter, Synapsin.

neu·ro·pep·tide

(nūr'ō-pep'tīd)
Any of a variety of peptides found in neural tissue; e.g., endorphins, enkephalins.
Compare: bioregulator

neuropeptide

see ENDORPHIN.

neu·ro·pep·tide

(nūr'ō-pep'tīd)
Any of a variety of peptides found in neural tissue.

neuropeptide,

n any of a variety of peptides found in neural tissues, such as endorphins and enkephalins.

neuropeptide

any of the molecules composed of short chains of amino acids (endorphins, enkephalins, vasopressin, etc.) found in brain tissue.
References in periodicals archive ?
While some neuropeptides have been associated with inducing or augmenting the effects of histamine in respiratory conditions, some have also been associated with neurogenic inflammation and angioedema, which may have the potential to play a role in MCS and CFS respectively.
This anorexigenic neuropeptide has a plausible biological role in the regulation of food intake and energy balance, and numerous studies have demonstrated that the SNPs in POMC gene linkage with obesity-related traits.
Effects of microinjections of the neuropeptide substance P in the dorsal periaqueductal gray on the behaviour of rats in the plus-maze test.
The results are the first X-ray crystallography studies showing how a neuropeptide agonist binds to neuropeptide GPCRs.
Urocortin II: a member of the corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) neuropeptide family that is selectively bound by type 2 CRF receptors.
For example, a neuropeptide related to feeding and reproduction, myomodulin, has not been reported in haliotids, despite its characterization in other gastropods (Miller et al.
The team at the University of Bristol tested mice and human brain tissue and found that a type of neuropeptide - a protein-like molecule found in the nervous system - was resistant to a disease which is similar to MS.
In addition to stabilizing incretins, DPP inhibitors also prolong the effects of other neuropeptides in the body including neuropeptide Y, growth hormone-releasing hormone and chemokinines.
The neuropeptide oxytocin has been called the love hormone, the cuddle chemical, and the big "O" because it's produced during orgasm and has so many health and social bonding benefits (even turning promiscuous rodents monogamous [see "Big Brains, Big Choices]).
Biochemical and anatomical analyses of the brains of these mice revealed high concentrations of neuropeptide Y, a chemical typically released to calm overexcited neurons.
Thompson, PhD, of the University at Buffalo and Jean DiPirro, PhD, of Buffalo State College will examine the activity of a brain neurotransmitter, neuropeptide Y, to determine whether enhancing the activity of this neurotransmitter can reduce heightened anxiety and craving for cocaine.
Research Development Foundation (Carson City, NV) has patented a human urocortin-related peptide with significant sequence homology to the CRF neuropeptide family.