The neuropathic bladder
is usually accompanied either by faecal incontinence or chronic constipation, which may necessitate daily bowel washouts.
(14,33) However, it is unclear whether an augmentation increases this risk or if it is the nature of the neuropathic bladder (i.e., exstrophy, immune suppression after transplant, smoking, infection, catheterization, chronic UTIs, and bladder stones).
44 He also believes that an incontinent diversion is preferred in the adult with a neuropathic bladder, as many are unable to provide sufficient self-care to ensure their long-term health.
This diagnostic assessment allows each child to be categorised into one of four subtypes of neuropathic bladder dysfunction based on sphincter and detrusor muscle activity (Table 1).
In patients with a neuropathic bladder, disordered innervation commonly results in dyssynergia between the detrusor and external sphincters, which adversely affects bladder function.
DSD represents the most serious consequence of the neuropathic bladder
as it produces a so-called 'hostile bladder' that threatens the upper urinary tracts.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of TAI as an alternative to the MACE procedure in children with neuropathic bladder
and neuropathic bowel dysfunction who need reconstructive bladder surgery.
Role of basic fibroblast growth factor in the neuropathic bladder
23 continent cystostomies were done with neuropathic bladders
. But in our study, we have done Mitrofanoff procedure for failed urethroplasty due to road traffic accidents and obstructed labour injury complex.
Our mean age is more similar to that reported in other studies demonstrating benefits of Peristeen[c] in children with neuropathic bladders
: 8.4 years  and 12.5 years .
Results for older adults, pregnant women and people with neuropathic bladders
were less clear-cut.
Future plans/implications: These results have strong potential for clinical application in patients with neuropathic bladders
. A future study will be conducted on higher-level mammals.