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neurologic examinationA battery of clinical tests that evaluates a person's physiologic function and mental status, as well as the presence of any structural–organic lesions that may cause changes in neurologic function. Cf Psychiatric examination.
Neurologic Examination-data obtained
History of the Pt's chief complaint
Mental status Coherency, memory, judgement, comprehension, and other cognitive processes
1. Olfactory–1st cranial nerve Ability to identify common odors
2. Optic nerve–2nd cranial nerve Visual acuity, visual fields, pupil size and response to light, optic examination
3. Ocular muscles–3rd, 4th, 6th cranial nerves
4. Trigeminal nerve–5tth cranial nerve
5. Facial nerve–7th cranial nerve
6. Auditory nerve–Rinne & Weber tests, 8th cranial nerve
7. Glossopharyngeal–9th cranial nerve, vagal nerve–10th cranial nerve
8. Accessory nerve–11th cranial nerve
9. Hypoglossal nerve–12th cranial nerve
Upper extremities: Finger-to-nose test, extension-flexion of elbow, power of grip, reflexes–eg biceps, brachioradialis, sensation–eg vibration, pain
Lower extremities: Heel-to-knee test, extension-flexion of knee, reflexes–eg patellar, plantar, sensation–eg vibration, pain
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.