neurologic examination


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neurologic examination

A battery of clinical tests that evaluates a person's physiologic function and mental status, as well as the presence of any structural–organic lesions that may cause changes in neurologic function. Cf Psychiatric examination.
Neurologic Examination-data obtained
History of the Pt's chief complaint
Mental status Coherency, memory, judgement, comprehension, and other cognitive processes
Cranial nerves
1. Olfactory–1st cranial nerve Ability to identify common odors
.
2. Optic nerve–2nd cranial nerve Visual acuity, visual fields, pupil size and response to light, optic examination
.
3. Ocular muscles–3rd, 4th, 6th cranial nerves
.
4. Trigeminal nerve–5tth cranial nerve
.
5. Facial nerve–7th cranial nerve
.
6. Auditory nerve–Rinne & Weber tests, 8th cranial nerve
.
7. Glossopharyngeal–9th cranial nerve, vagal nerve–10th cranial nerve
.
8. Accessory nerve–11th cranial nerve
.
9. Hypoglossal nerve–12th cranial nerve
Motor function
Upper extremities: Finger-to-nose test, extension-flexion of elbow, power of grip, reflexes–eg biceps, brachioradialis, sensation–eg vibration, pain
Lower extremities: Heel-to-knee test, extension-flexion of knee, reflexes–eg patellar, plantar, sensation–eg vibration, pain  
.
References in periodicals archive ?
Forty-six patients with abnormal neurologic examination were complaining from neuropathic signs (p=0.0001, [chi square] = 20.5).
And Chapter 9 is the rather grandly titled 'Techniques of the Remainder of the Neurologic Examination: Coordination, Mental Status, Cranial Nerves, and superficial Reflexes'.
(a) No brain injury Brain damage Variable (n = 36) (n = 9) Age, days 132 (46) 144 (39) Weight, g 5130 (1298) 5051 (1337) Male/female sex, n 17/19 6/3 Neurologic examination results (b): Before surgery, n 36/0 9/0 After surgery (day 7), n 36/0 9/9 CPB, min 100 (30.3) 107 (23.9) Clamping time, min 32 (2) 29 (5) Circulatory arrest time, min 39 (4) 41 (3) NICU stay, days 8.69 (2.5) 14.4 (2.6) * (a) Durations of CPB, clamping, circulatory arrest, and NICU stay are expressed as the mean (SD).
On neurologic examination, he was drowsy but able to follow simple commands.
Sixteen days after vaccination, she was hospitalized, and neurologic examination revealed decreased tone and weakness of both arms and legs and reflexes reduced or absent in ankles, knees, and arms.
*7 a.m.-A neurologic examination of Jesica was performed and her family and supporters were informed that there was no evidence of brain activity and that this likely indicated that Jesica had suffered brain death.
Initial neurologic examination revealed age-appropriate cognitive development with a subtle upper motor neuron type of left facial weakness and impaired dexterity in the left hand.
Lakin submit to a neurologic examination. The episodes described are suggestive of possible embolic phenomena to the brain or an intracranial mass lesion.
But many times, results of the neurologic examination are not so clear-cut and further supportive testing becomes necessary.
A physician takes a neurologic history and performs a neurologic examination. The nurse practitioner compiles a separate medical history and conducts a physical examination.
On neurologic examination, right-sided unilateral rest tremor of the upper extremity was apparent that was more prominent during maintenance of posture and intention, which was compatible with Holmes' tremor (Video 1).
Neurologic examination demonstrated increased tone in upper and lower limbs and bilateral upgoing plantar reflexes; assessment of power was difficult because of generalized rigidity.