neurohypophysis

(redirected from neurohypophyseal)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

neurohypophysis

 [noor″o-hi-pof………´…ĭ-sis]
the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland. adj., adj neurohypophys´eal.
The neurohypophysis (posterior pituitary gland). From Applegate, 2000.

neu·ro·hy·poph·y·sis

(nū'rō-hī-pof'i-sis), [TA]
Complex comprising the infundibulum and the nervous lobe of the hypophysis.
See also: pituitary gland.
[neuro- + hypophysis]

neurohypophysis

/neu·ro·hy·poph·y·sis/ (noor″o-hi-pof´ĭ-sis) the posterior (or neural) lobe of the pituitary gland, which stores oxytocin and vasopressin.neurohypophys´ial

neurohypophysis

(no͝or′ō-hī-pŏf′ĭ-sĭs, -hĭ-, nyo͝or′-)
n. pl. neurohypophy·ses (-sēz′)
The posterior portion of the pituitary gland, having a rich supply of nerve fibers and releasing oxytocin and vasopressin.

neu′ro·hy′po·phys′e·al, neu′ro·hy′po·phys′i·al (-hī′pə-fĭz′ē-əl, -hĭp′ə-, -hĭ-pŏf′ə-sē′əl) adj.

neurohypophysis

[-hīpof′isis]
Etymology: Gk, neuron + hypo, under, phyein, to grow
the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland that is the release point of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) and oxytocin. Nervous stimulation from the hypothalamus controls the release of the substances into the blood. When stimulated by the hypothalamus, the neurohypophysis releases ADH by an increase in the osmotic pressure of extracellular fluid in the body. The hormone acts on the cells in the distal and collecting tubules of the kidneys, making them more permeable to water and thus reducing the volume of urine. The neurohypophysis releases oxytocin under appropriate stimulation from the hypothalamus. Oxytocin produces powerful contractions of the pregnant uterus and causes milk to flow from lactating breasts. Stimulation of the nipples of the breast by a nursing infant triggers the release of this hormone. Also called posterior pituitary gland. Compare adenohypophysis.

neu·ro·hy·poph·y·sis

(nūr'ō-hī-pof'i-sis) [TA]
A neuroendocrine structure suspended from the base of the hypothalamus. It is composed of the infundibulum and the posterior lobe of the hypophysis.
See also: hypophysis
Synonym(s): lobus posterior hypophyseos [TA] , posterior lobe of hypophysis.

neurohypophysis

see PITUITARY GLAND.

neurohypophysis

the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland. It stores and secretes two hormones, oxytocin and antidiuretic hormone (vasopressin), which are released in response to neural stimulation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Familial neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus associated with a signal peptide mutation.
Familial neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus due to a mutation that substitutes histidine for tyrosine-2 in the antidiuretic hormone.
Autosomal recessive familial neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus with continued secretion of mutant weakly active vasopressin.
A missense mutation in the vasopressin-neurophysin precursor gene cosegregates with human autosomal dominant neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus.
Familial neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus: a novel mutation presenting with enuresis.
Autosomal dominant neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus associated with a missense mutation encoding Gly23-Val in neurophysin II.
Molecular analysis in familial neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus: early diagnosis of an asymptomatic carrier.
A de novo mutation in the coding sequence for neurophysin II (Pro24-Leu) is associated with onset and transmission of autosomal dominant neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus.
A novel mutation (R97C) in the neurophysin moiety of prepro-vasopressin-neurophysin II associated with autosomal-dominant neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus.
A novel mutation in a coding region of the arginine vasopressin-neurophysin II gene in a family with autosomal dominant neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus.