neuroglia

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neuroglia

 [noo͡-rog´le-ah]
the supporting structure of nervous tissue, consisting, in the central nervous system, of astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, and microglia; called also glia. adj., adj neurog´lial.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

neu·rog·li·a

(nū-rog'lē-ă), This word is grammatically singular. Avoid the mispronunciation neurogli'a.
Nonneuronal cellular elements of the central and peripheral nervous system; formerly believed to be merely supporting cells but now thought to have important metabolic functions, in that they are invariably interposed between neurons and the blood vessels supplying the nervous system. In central nervous tissue they include oligodendroglia cells, astrocytes, ependymal cells, and microglia cells. The satellite cells of ganglia and the neurolemmal or Schwann cells around peripheral nerve fibers can be interpreted as the oligodendroglia cells of the peripheral nervous system.
Synonym(s): reticulum (2) [TA], glia, Kölliker reticulum
[neuro- + G. glia, glue]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

neuroglia

(no͝o-rŏg′lē-ə, nyo͝o-, no͝or′ə-glē′ə, -glī′-, nyo͝or′-)
n.
The supportive tissue of the nervous system, including the network of branched cells in the central nervous system (astrocytes, microglia, and oligodendrocytes) and the supporting cells of the peripheral nervous system (Schwann cells and satellite cells). Also called glia.

neu·rog′li·al adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

neu·rog·li·a

(nūr-og'lē-ă) [TA]
Nonneuronal cellular elements of the central and peripheral nervous system; thought to have important metabolic functions. In central nervous tissue they include oligodendroglia cells, astrocytes, ependymal cells, and microglia cells.
Synonym(s): glia, reticulum (2) .
[G. neuron, tendon, nerve, + glia, glue]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

neuroglia

The network of branched cells and fibres that forms the supporting connective tissue of the central nervous system. Certain brain tumours arise from neuroglial cells.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

neuroglia

see GLIA.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

Kölliker,

Rudolph A. von, Swiss histologist, 1817-1905.
Kölliker layer - the layer of connective tissue in the iris.
Kölliker reticulum - non-neuronal cellular elements of the central and peripheral nervous system. Synonym(s): neuroglia
Medical Eponyms © Farlex 2012

neu·rog·li·a

(nūr-og'lē-ă) [TA]
Nonneuronal cellular elements in the central and peripheral nervous systems that are supporting cells; thought have important metabolic functions.
[G. neuron, tendon, nerve, + glia, glue]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
--gene expression profiles (Table 15) in isolated neuroglia cells,
Methods: Gene expression profiling was performed using the T98G human neuroglia cell line after treatment with the Rhodiola rosea SHR-5 extract and several of its individual constituents (salidroside, triandrin and tyrosol).
To determine whether the results we obtained using the transformed human neuroglia cells in which the release of NPY and/or Hsp72 is relevant for physiologically normal cells and evaluation of effects of adaptogens, we repeated the experiments using a system more closely related to the human system; non-transformed human neurons.
Taken together, our studies demonstrate that NPY and Hsp70 assays in isolated neuroglia cells might be useful for the assessment of adaptogenic activity of medicinal plants.