neuroglia


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Related to neuroglia: Schwann cells

neuroglia

 [noo͡-rog´le-ah]
the supporting structure of nervous tissue, consisting, in the central nervous system, of astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, and microglia; called also glia. adj., adj neurog´lial.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

neu·rog·li·a

(nū-rog'lē-ă), This word is grammatically singular. Avoid the mispronunciation neurogli'a.
Nonneuronal cellular elements of the central and peripheral nervous system; formerly believed to be merely supporting cells but now thought to have important metabolic functions, in that they are invariably interposed between neurons and the blood vessels supplying the nervous system. In central nervous tissue they include oligodendroglia cells, astrocytes, ependymal cells, and microglia cells. The satellite cells of ganglia and the neurolemmal or Schwann cells around peripheral nerve fibers can be interpreted as the oligodendroglia cells of the peripheral nervous system.
Synonym(s): reticulum (2) [TA], glia, Kölliker reticulum
[neuro- + G. glia, glue]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

neuroglia

(no͝o-rŏg′lē-ə, nyo͝o-, no͝or′ə-glē′ə, -glī′-, nyo͝or′-)
n.
The supportive tissue of the nervous system, including the network of branched cells in the central nervous system (astrocytes, microglia, and oligodendrocytes) and the supporting cells of the peripheral nervous system (Schwann cells and satellite cells). Also called glia.

neu·rog′li·al adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

neu·rog·li·a

(nūr-og'lē-ă) [TA]
Nonneuronal cellular elements of the central and peripheral nervous system; thought to have important metabolic functions. In central nervous tissue they include oligodendroglia cells, astrocytes, ependymal cells, and microglia cells.
Synonym(s): glia, reticulum (2) .
[G. neuron, tendon, nerve, + glia, glue]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

neuroglia

The network of branched cells and fibres that forms the supporting connective tissue of the central nervous system. Certain brain tumours arise from neuroglial cells.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

neuroglia

see GLIA.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

Kölliker,

Rudolph A. von, Swiss histologist, 1817-1905.
Kölliker layer - the layer of connective tissue in the iris.
Kölliker reticulum - non-neuronal cellular elements of the central and peripheral nervous system. Synonym(s): neuroglia
Medical Eponyms © Farlex 2012

neu·rog·li·a

(nūr-og'lē-ă) [TA]
Nonneuronal cellular elements in the central and peripheral nervous systems that are supporting cells; thought have important metabolic functions.
[G. neuron, tendon, nerve, + glia, glue]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Further differentiation of nestin-positive cells into the neuron as well as neuroglia was shown in this study as indicated by the presence of cells that expressed [beta]-tubulin as neuron marker, O4 as oligodendrocyte marker, and GFAP as astrocyte marker.
Transverse sections of the whole fetal skull were taken and the area selected for counting neurons and neuroglia was adjacent to the cavity of third ventricle at the level of pinna.
Based on the obtained results, it appears that Mn produced ultrastructural alterations of neurons and neuroglia of the hypothalamus.
The European contributors review currently knowledge about pericycte loss and neuroglia in the diabetic retina, growth factors in the diabetic eye, the renin-angiotensin system, leukocyte recruitment, and the potential use of Muller stem cells to regenerate diabetic retina.
This study indicates that TSGA10 can be used as an immunohistochemical marker for human neuroglia and astrocyte cells and is over-expressed in brain tumors.
Only around 2% of neoplasms are intracranial and 65% of these arise from neuroglia (gliomas).
A murine model of HIV encephalitis: xenotransplantation of HIV-infected human neuroglia into SCID mouse brain.
Changes in neuroglia and myelination in the white matter of aging mice.
PLASMODIUM DERIVED FACTORS AND HIGH LEVELS OF IP-10 IN CEREBRAL MALARIA PATIENTS INDUCE APOPTOSIS IN HUMAN NEUROGLIA AND VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL CELLS, Nana O.