neuroglia


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Related to neuroglia: Schwann cells

neuroglia

 [noo͡-rog´le-ah]
the supporting structure of nervous tissue, consisting, in the central nervous system, of astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, and microglia; called also glia. adj., adj neurog´lial.

neu·rog·li·a

(nū-rog'lē-ă), This word is grammatically singular. Avoid the mispronunciation neurogli'a.
Nonneuronal cellular elements of the central and peripheral nervous system; formerly believed to be merely supporting cells but now thought to have important metabolic functions, in that they are invariably interposed between neurons and the blood vessels supplying the nervous system. In central nervous tissue they include oligodendroglia cells, astrocytes, ependymal cells, and microglia cells. The satellite cells of ganglia and the neurolemmal or Schwann cells around peripheral nerve fibers can be interpreted as the oligodendroglia cells of the peripheral nervous system.
Synonym(s): reticulum (2) [TA], glia, Kölliker reticulum
[neuro- + G. glia, glue]

neuroglia

(no͝o-rŏg′lē-ə, nyo͝o-, no͝or′ə-glē′ə, -glī′-, nyo͝or′-)
n.
The supportive tissue of the nervous system, including the network of branched cells in the central nervous system (astrocytes, microglia, and oligodendrocytes) and the supporting cells of the peripheral nervous system (Schwann cells and satellite cells). Also called glia.

neu·rog′li·al adj.

neu·rog·li·a

(nūr-og'lē-ă) [TA]
Nonneuronal cellular elements of the central and peripheral nervous system; thought to have important metabolic functions. In central nervous tissue they include oligodendroglia cells, astrocytes, ependymal cells, and microglia cells.
Synonym(s): glia, reticulum (2) .
[G. neuron, tendon, nerve, + glia, glue]

neuroglia

The network of branched cells and fibres that forms the supporting connective tissue of the central nervous system. Certain brain tumours arise from neuroglial cells.

neuroglia

see GLIA.

Kölliker,

Rudolph A. von, Swiss histologist, 1817-1905.
Kölliker layer - the layer of connective tissue in the iris.
Kölliker reticulum - non-neuronal cellular elements of the central and peripheral nervous system. Synonym(s): neuroglia

neu·rog·li·a

(nūr-og'lē-ă) [TA]
Nonneuronal cellular elements in the central and peripheral nervous systems that are supporting cells; thought have important metabolic functions.
[G. neuron, tendon, nerve, + glia, glue]
References in periodicals archive ?
Further differentiation of nestin-positive cells into the neuron as well as neuroglia was shown in this study as indicated by the presence of cells that expressed [beta]-tubulin as neuron marker, O4 as oligodendrocyte marker, and GFAP as astrocyte marker.
Transverse sections of the whole fetal skull were taken and the area selected for counting neurons and neuroglia was adjacent to the cavity of third ventricle at the level of pinna.
Based on the obtained results, it appears that Mn produced ultrastructural alterations of neurons and neuroglia of the hypothalamus.
The European contributors review currently knowledge about pericycte loss and neuroglia in the diabetic retina, growth factors in the diabetic eye, the renin-angiotensin system, leukocyte recruitment, and the potential use of Muller stem cells to regenerate diabetic retina.
This study indicates that TSGA10 can be used as an immunohistochemical marker for human neuroglia and astrocyte cells and is over-expressed in brain tumors.
Only around 2% of neoplasms are intracranial and 65% of these arise from neuroglia (gliomas).
A murine model of HIV encephalitis: xenotransplantation of HIV-infected human neuroglia into SCID mouse brain.
Changes in neuroglia and myelination in the white matter of aging mice.
PLASMODIUM DERIVED FACTORS AND HIGH LEVELS OF IP-10 IN CEREBRAL MALARIA PATIENTS INDUCE APOPTOSIS IN HUMAN NEUROGLIA AND VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL CELLS, Nana O.