neuroglia


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Related to neuroglia: Schwann cells

neuroglia

 [noo͡-rog´le-ah]
the supporting structure of nervous tissue, consisting, in the central nervous system, of astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, and microglia; called also glia. adj., adj neurog´lial.

neu·rog·li·a

(nū-rog'lē-ă), This word is grammatically singular. Avoid the mispronunciation neurogli'a.
Nonneuronal cellular elements of the central and peripheral nervous system; formerly believed to be merely supporting cells but now thought to have important metabolic functions, in that they are invariably interposed between neurons and the blood vessels supplying the nervous system. In central nervous tissue they include oligodendroglia cells, astrocytes, ependymal cells, and microglia cells. The satellite cells of ganglia and the neurolemmal or Schwann cells around peripheral nerve fibers can be interpreted as the oligodendroglia cells of the peripheral nervous system.
Synonym(s): reticulum (2) [TA], glia, Kölliker reticulum
[neuro- + G. glia, glue]

neuroglia

/neu·rog·lia/ (ndbobr-rog´le-ah) the supporting structure of nervous tissue, consisting of a fine web of tissue enclosing neuroglial cells, which are of three types: astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, and microcytes.neurog´lial

neuroglia

(no͝o-rŏg′lē-ə, nyo͝o-, no͝or′ə-glē′ə, -glī′-, nyo͝or′-)
n.
The supportive tissue of the nervous system, including the network of branched cells in the central nervous system (astrocytes, microglia, and oligodendrocytes) and the supporting cells of the peripheral nervous system (Schwann cells and satellite cells). Also called glia.

neu·rog′li·al adj.

neuroglia

[noo͡rog′lē·ə]
Etymology: Gk, neuron + glia, glue
the supporting or nonneuronal tissue cells of the central and peripheral nervous system. They perform the less specialized functions of the nerve network. Kinds of neuroglia include astrocytes, oligodendroglia, and microglia. Compare neuron. neuroglial, adj.

neu·rog·li·a

(nūr-og'lē-ă) [TA]
Nonneuronal cellular elements of the central and peripheral nervous system; thought to have important metabolic functions. In central nervous tissue they include oligodendroglia cells, astrocytes, ependymal cells, and microglia cells.
Synonym(s): glia, reticulum (2) .
[G. neuron, tendon, nerve, + glia, glue]

neuroglia

The network of branched cells and fibres that forms the supporting connective tissue of the central nervous system. Certain brain tumours arise from neuroglial cells.

neuroglia

see GLIA.

Kölliker,

Rudolph A. von, Swiss histologist, 1817-1905.
Kölliker layer - the layer of connective tissue in the iris.
Kölliker reticulum - non-neuronal cellular elements of the central and peripheral nervous system. Synonym(s): neuroglia

neuroglia

non-neuronal cells located within the central and peripheral nervous systems

neu·rog·li·a

(nūr-og'lē-ă) [TA]
Nonneuronal cellular elements in the central and peripheral nervous systems that are supporting cells; thought have important metabolic functions.
[G. neuron, tendon, nerve, + glia, glue]

neuroglia

the supporting cells of central nervous system, consisting of astrocytes, oligodendrocytes and microglia; called also glia.
References in periodicals archive ?
The neuroglia constitute the supporting frame work of the nervous system; and were seen as deeply staining bodies that were smaller in size than the multipolar neurons.
Changes in the ultrastructure of neuroglia in some regions of the rat brain in manganese chloride poisoning.
A la existencia de neurotransmisores que inhiben la sinapsis se anade el hecho de que la velocidad de transmision de informacion, mediada por la liberacion de neurotransmisores en las sinapsis entre neuronas, esta modulada ademas por la funcion de las celulas de la neuroglia (6).
Esta integracion tiene coherencia con otros fenomenos observados en la esquizofrenia, como las alteraciones en la funcion de los sistemas neurotransmisores, las deficiencias neurocognoscitivas y la posible implicacion de la neuroglia.
La neuroglia basicamente esta representada por astrocitos y oligodendrocitos.
Fetal NPCs, which can differentiate into functional neurons and multiple types of neuroglia, are an ideal platform to bridge the gap between traditional model systems and human biology.
Synergy and antagonism of active constituents of ADAPT-232 on transcriptional level of metabolic regulation of isolated neuroglia cells.
DHA alone has little effects on the generation of free radical in neuroglia but increases the oxidative burden induced by hydrogen peroxide greatly.
The second section digs into the physiology of sex hormones, mood neurotransmitters, neuroglia, gut microbiota, and pubertal change with a focus on elucidating female vulnerability.
Classification of neurosecretory cells, neurons, and neuroglia in the cerebral ganglia of Haliotis asinina Linnaeus by light microscopy.
Alcohol has also a damaging effect on nerve cells, neuroglia, and white substance (Zoroastrov, 2005; Shormanov and Shormanova, 2005).
Therefore, most of the maintenance, nutrition, protection and defense functions of the ganglionic parenchyma and its nervous fibers falls over its connective component, since the specific neuroglia (satellite and Schwann's cells) is little prominent when compared to it.