neurocysticercosis


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neurocysticercosis

/neu·ro·cys·ti·cer·co·sis/ (-sis″tĭ-ser-ko´sis) infection of the central nervous system with the larval forms (cysticerci) of Taenia solium; variable manifestations include seizures, hydrocephalus, and other neurologic dysfunctions.

neurocysticercosis

Involvement of the nervous system with the larvae of the tapeworm Taenia solium . The disease is widespread in the developing world where it is by far the commonest cause of late-onset EPILEPSY and of HYDROCEPHALUS in adults. See also CYSTICERCOSIS. Effective and cheap treatment with the drugs albendazole and praziquantel is available, but reliable diagnosis demands CT scanning or MRI, and these facilities are at a premium in the Third World.

Neurocysticercosis

Parasitic infection caused by the presence of immature tapeworm larvae within the central nervous system.
Mentioned in: Tapeworm Diseases
References in periodicals archive ?
18] Neurocysticercosis is the most common parasitic infection of brain and a leading cause of epilepsy in developing world.
These activated lymphocytes increase eosinophils, proinflammatory cytokines, and other mediators, which can be aggravated further in disease conditions such as neurocysticercosis.
Neurocysticercosis was included in the differential diagnosis in 2012, but was not confirmed until July 21,2014, when the patient had a positive serology for cysticercosis after testing by a CDC reference diagnostic laboratory.
They sampled serum and CSF in 51 adults: 11 with meningitis, 7 with encephalic injuries, 25 with neurocysticercosis, and 8 controls.
To the Editor: Neurocysticercosis is recognised globally as a major cause of secondary or acquired epilepsy.
Among Hispanic migrants in particular, increased frequencies of neurocysticercosis, typhoid, amebiasis, malaria, Chagas disease, leishmaniasis, Hansen's disease, and intestinal helminthes have been noted.
Albendazole is the medication of choice to treat multiple diseases caused by parasites from the nematode and cestode types, among which there are alveolar echinococcosis and neurocysticercosis (1,2).
Neurocysticercosis results when encysted larval forms of Taenia solium (pork tapeworm) invade the central nervous system.
In a review of 410 cases of INO, the commonest aetiology was infarction followed by multiple sclerosis and other unusual causes like trauma, tentorial herniation, vasculitis, tumour, infections (tuberculosis, brucellosis, neurocysticercosis, syphilis), lymphoma, aneurysm and AV malformation.
Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is expected to be the most common parasitic disease of humans' central nervous system, immunological tests and epidermiological data as well as clinical manifestations and neuroimagings are helpful to make the diagnosis.
Intraventricular Neurocysticercosis (IVNCC), the presence of tapeworm cysts inside the cerebral ventricular system, occurs in approximately 15-20 % of patients with Neurocysticercosis (NCC).