neurocysticercosis


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neurocysticercosis

Involvement of the nervous system with the larvae of the tapeworm Taenia solium . The disease is widespread in the developing world where it is by far the commonest cause of late-onset EPILEPSY and of HYDROCEPHALUS in adults. See also CYSTICERCOSIS. Effective and cheap treatment with the drugs albendazole and praziquantel is available, but reliable diagnosis demands CT scanning or MRI, and these facilities are at a premium in the Third World.

Neurocysticercosis

Parasitic infection caused by the presence of immature tapeworm larvae within the central nervous system.
Mentioned in: Tapeworm Diseases
References in periodicals archive ?
Negative indirect hemagglutination (IHA) test neurocysticercosis in a buddhist's cerebellar hemisphere.
The most common infections are tuberculosis, neurocysticercosis, toxoplasmosis, cryptococcal meningitis, brain abscess, and HIV.
The case presented here is unique and scientifically relevant, as it emphasizes the importance of use of MRI as diagnostic modality of choice for intraventricular neurocysticercosis. Due to lack of visualization of intra parenchymal cysts on CT scan the diagnosis of neurocysticercosis was initially missed.
It is unlikely for a neurocysticercosis ring to have more than 20 mm size, midline shift, irregular thick outline (>20mm) and an absence of scolex in MRI (4-6).
(12) However, as a general rule a seizure-free period of 2 years should be attained before considering drug therapy withdrawal (exceptions include the child with a focal lesion such as neurocysticercosis who has been started on short-term prophylaxis, as discussed above).
Increased expression of ICAM-1 among symptomatic neurocysticercosis. J.
Parenchymal neurocysticercosis: followup and staging by MRI.
Frequently antiepileptic medications are employed to control seizures especially in neurocysticercosis.
(5-7) In a review of published clinical studies from 1980 to 2004, Wallin and Kurtzke8 found the prevalence rates for neurocysticercosis in the United States to be highest for Hispanics (1.5 per 100 000).
The regimen of treatment has been described for several important conditions like CNS disorders (epilepsies, neurocysticercosis), cardiovascular diseases (congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction, hypertension), sexually transmitted diseases (STD), bacterial (tuberculosis, leprosy), viral (HIV) or protozoal (amoebiasis) infections, gastro-intestinal disorders (GERD, diarrhoea), cancer, etc.
Hydrocephalus in children as a manifestation of neurocysticercosis. Case report