neurocysticercosis


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neurocysticercosis

/neu·ro·cys·ti·cer·co·sis/ (-sis″tĭ-ser-ko´sis) infection of the central nervous system with the larval forms (cysticerci) of Taenia solium; variable manifestations include seizures, hydrocephalus, and other neurologic dysfunctions.

neurocysticercosis

Involvement of the nervous system with the larvae of the tapeworm Taenia solium . The disease is widespread in the developing world where it is by far the commonest cause of late-onset EPILEPSY and of HYDROCEPHALUS in adults. See also CYSTICERCOSIS. Effective and cheap treatment with the drugs albendazole and praziquantel is available, but reliable diagnosis demands CT scanning or MRI, and these facilities are at a premium in the Third World.

Neurocysticercosis

Parasitic infection caused by the presence of immature tapeworm larvae within the central nervous system.
Mentioned in: Tapeworm Diseases
References in periodicals archive ?
solium taeniasis and neurocysticercosis in this region.
The treatment of symptomatic neurocysticercosis, which carries 50% mortality rate, is more problematic.
Neurocysticercosis is typically first seen with seizures (70%-90% of acutely symptomatic patients) or headache.
12) However, as a general rule a seizure-free period of 2 years should be attained before considering drug therapy withdrawal (exceptions include the child with a focal lesion such as neurocysticercosis who has been started on short-term prophylaxis, as discussed above).
Frequently antiepileptic medications are employed to control seizures especially in neurocysticercosis.
Diagnosis of human neurocysticercosis by ELISA-IgG using a purified antigen [in Spanish].
5-7) In a review of published clinical studies from 1980 to 2004, Wallin and Kurtzke8 found the prevalence rates for neurocysticercosis in the United States to be highest for Hispanics (1.
CHICAGO -- Untreated central nervous system infection with the parasite neurocysticercosis may present as cognitive impairment ranging from mild deficit to full-blown dementia.
Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is more commonly seen to involve the brain parenchyma and uncommonly involves the ventricular system and subarachnoid spaces.
Abnormal CT findings (N (%)) Details N Trauma: Blow-out fracture of the orbits 1 Vascular: Old infarct with/without calcification 6 Global cerebral atrophy 7 Mass lesion: Pituitary adenoma; 6 TB granuloma; neurocysticercosis Table II.