Neuroacanthocytosis is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by movement disorders, seizures, dementia, and behavioral changes, as well as spiked acanthocytes in peripheral smears, but it is rarely accompanied by axonal neuropathy.
Keywords: Choreiform movement disorder, epilepsy, neuroacanthocytosis, neuropathy
Chorea as a symptom may occur as part of Wilson's disease, benign hereditary chorea, neuroacanthocytosis
, and some other inherited diseases (3,5).
is a cause of chorea in children and can be diagnosed by a fresh peripheral blood smear examination showing acanthocytes in the smear.
Effect of levetiracetam on truncal tic in neuroacanthocytosis
Progressive Neuroacanthocytosis in brothers: a case report.
The neuropsychiatry of Neuroacanthocytosis Syndromes.
Neurodegenerative disorders: Huntington's disease, Wilson's disease, parkinsonian syndromes, Hallervorden-Spatz disease, Fahr's syndrome, globus pallidus and spinocerebellar degenerations, lysosomal storage diseases, aminoacidurias, mitochondrial disorders, neuroacanthocytosis
, Lesch-Nyhan syndrome, ataxia telangiectasia
Obsessive-compulsive disorder due to neuroacanthocytosis
treated with citalopram.
He told the 40-year-old's parents, Gordon and Gillian Parry, of High Park, Hawarden, he had never heard of neuroacanthocytosis
(NA) which affects the nervous system.
1997) of repetitive stereotypical and compulsive SIB concurrent with mental retardation, autism, neuroacanthocytosis
, and Tourette's syndrome, no formal assessments have been developed to assess for impulsive or major SIB.
Table Differential diagnosis for chorea Genetic Huntington's disease, benign hereditary chorea, neuroacanthocytosis
, dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy, Wilson's disease, spinocerebellar ataxia, Friedreich's ataxia Rheumatic disorders Sydenham's chorea, chorea gravidarum Drug-induced/toxicity Neuroleptic drugs, steroids, anticonvulsants, antiparkinson agents, stimulants (amphetamines, cocaine), lithium, dopamine agonists Systemic disorders Systemic lupus erythematosus, thyrotoxicosis, polycythemia vera, hyperglycemia, AIDS, paraneoplastic syndrome Vascular/trauma Cerebral hemorrhage, vasculitis, stroke, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome AIDS: acquired immune deficiency syndrome Source: References 1,2