Also, some patients undergoing regional or neuraxial
anesthesia may perceive thermal comfort despite having substantial hypothermia.
A wide range of drugs have been assessed for both neuraxial
and peripheral nerve blocks.
Ultrasonography as a preoperative assessment Tool: Predicting the feasibility of Central Neuraxial
The most common indication for GA was maternal contraindications to neuraxial
anesthesia or a failed block (75.
Part 6 specifies the requirements for connectors used in neuraxial
applications intended to administer medications to neuraxial
sites, wound infiltration, anaesthesia delivery, other regional anaesthesia procedures and to monitor or remove cerebro-spinal fluid for therapeutic or diagnostic purposes.
A There are four basic kinds of anesthesia: Local, given to numb a small area: regional, which numbs a larger area, neuraxial
(spinal or epidural) which is injected near the spine and numbs the lower half of the body, and general, which works in your brain and leaves you completely unconscious and unable to sense pain.
24) Regional anesthesia for major lower abdominal surgeries has long been provided by central neuraxial
There are 20+ m neuraxial
anesthesia-related (epidurals and spinals) procedures per year in the US; 20% to 80% of all needle placement attempts fail, depending on operator skill, age, and patient obesity; obese and elderly are growing demographics.
Eventually they will dictate connector size and shape for breathing systems and driving gases, enteral, limb-cuff inflation, neuraxial
, and intravascular-hypodermic applications.
anesthesia, including epidural and combined spinal-epidural anesthetics, are the "gold standard" interventions for pain relief during labor because they provide a superb combination of reliable pain relief and safety for the mother and child.
The first section (Part 1) identifies the general requirements for small-bore connectors, and the following six identify specific requirements for connectors falling into one of the following general application areas: Part 2) breathing and driving gases; Part 3) enteral (feeding tube) applications; Part 4) urethra and urinary; Part 5) limb cuff inflation or non-invasive blood pressure; Part 6) neuraxial
applications; and Part 7) intravascular or hypodermic applications.
Peripheral and neuraxial
nerve blocks can provide superior pain management, improve patient outcome and decrease the risk of complications in elderly patient.