neural tube defects


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neural tube defects

See SPINA BIFIDA and ANENCEPHALY. See also FOLIC ACID.

Neural tube defects

A group of birth defects that affect the backbone and sometimes the spinal chord.
Mentioned in: Birth Defects
References in periodicals archive ?
The team from Queen Mary University of London concluded that an "upper intake level is therefore unnecessary and should be removed", and described the pregnancies affected by neural tube defects as a "completely avoidable tragedy".
A first to evaluate the relationship between low carbohydrate intake and having children with neural tube defects, the study was led by Tania Desrosiers, PhD, MPH, and research assistant professor of epidemiology at the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health.
Updated estimates of neural tube defects prevented by mandatory folic Acid fortification--United States, 1995-2011.
gov/news-events/news-releases/low-levels-vitamin-b12-may-increase-risk-neural-tube-defects) 2009 study on the risks of vitamin B12 deficiency conducted by researchers at the National Institutes of Health, Trinity College, Dublin, and Health Research Board of Ireland, found that women who do not get enough vitamin B12 during early pregnancy are five times more likely to face the risk of having a child with a neural tube defect, a class of birth defect, as compared to those women who have a higher intake and level of the vitamin in their bodies.
Increased consumption of folic acid in enriched flour has been helpful in reducing the incidence of neural tube defects in the general population, said Susan Mayne, Ph.
One of the early studies showing the promise of folic acid beyond neural tube defects was published in 1996.
A question that is still not resolved is whether folic acid can prevent other malformations, not just neural tube defects.
INTRODUCTION: Neural tube defect by definition is failure of neural tube to close during embryogenesis.
are born with neural tube defects such as spina bifida, which is caused by the incomplete closing of the spine and skull.
Folic acid has been proven to prevent neural tube defects in the newborn (Harvey & Ricciotti, 2014), a condition that affects nearly 3000 pregnancies in the United States each year (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention {CDC}, 2008).
However, there was no evidence that neural tube defects were increased among the 13 babies of mothers classified as having low or medium exposure.