punctum

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Related to neume: solmization, Mensural notation

punctum

 [pungk´tum] (L.)
a point or small spot.
punctum cae´cum blind spot.
punctum lacrima´le (pl. punc´ta lacrima´lia), an opening of a lacrimal duct on the edge of the eyelid.
punctum prox´imum near point.
punctum remo´tum far point.
punc´ta vasculo´sa minute red spots that mark the cut surface of white matter of the brain.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

punc·tum

, gen.

punc·ti

, pl.

punc·ta

(pŭngk'tŭm, -tī, -tă), [TA]
1. The tip or end of a sharp process.
2. A minute round spot differing in color or otherwise in appearance from the surrounding tissues.
3. A point on the optic axis of an optic system.
Synonym(s): point (1)

See also: point, tip, end, center.
[L. a prick, point, pp. ntr. of pungo, to prick, used as noun]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

punc·tum

, pl. puncta (pŭngk'tŭm, -tă) [TA]
1. The tip of a sharp process.
2. A minute round spot differing in color or otherwise in appearance from the surrounding tissues.
3. The opening into the lacrimal drainage system in the upper and lower eyelids.
Synonym(s): point (1) .
[L. a prick, point, pp. ntr. of pungo, to prick, used as noun]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

Punctum

Tiny opening at the inner corners of the upper and lower lids. The area for the beginning of tear drainage.
Mentioned in: Dacryocystitis
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

punc·tum

, pl. puncta (pŭngk'tŭm, -tă) [TA]
1. Tip or end of a sharp process.
2. Minute round spot differing in color or otherwise in appearance from the surrounding tissues.
Synonym(s): point (1) .
[L. a prick, point, pp. ntr. of pungo, to prick, used as noun]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
But will these Byzantine neumes always be included above the Western transcriptions in publications in order to provide a more accurate interpretation especially for those who are not students of the field?
As an example of the limitations of the present system of transcription, there are six neumes for the interval of the ascending second.
The research of Floros has provoked new studies, initiated new ideas, and fascinated various specialists in medieval music to continue his work, which confirms that the fundamentals in the study of neumes have been well established by him.
Both scribes wrote the neumes on four red lines with letter clefs and b rotundum (i.e., B[flat]) after the clef or before the altered note.
Nelson attempts to do this by ferreting out from the Zamoran sources additional examples of specific neumes being used to transmit clear mode-functional information in ways peculiar to individual manuscripts.
Hesbert's facsimile edition of an early eleventh-century gradual in Paleographie musicale (PM), volume 14 (Le Codex 10.673 de la Bibliotheque vaticane, fonds latin (X[I.sub.e] siecle) graduel beneventain [Tournai, 1931-36]), was accompanied by a massive commentary; the staffless neumes in PM 14 were supplemented by a twelfth-century gradual on lined staff in PM 15 (Le Codex VI.
The hymnody is presented in its original setting with neumes above the texts.
Here Karp must transgress the basic principles generally admitted up to now by all those who have admitted the Solesmes' reforms, mainly that syllable changes take place at the beginning of the ligature and there is a parallelism in the neumes of simultaneously sounding voices.