Classifi- cation Name of compounds Percentage (%) SFA Myristic acid (C14:0) 1.96 Palmitic acid (C16:0) 26.55 Stearic acid (C18:0) 6.78 Arachidic acid (C20:0) 0.29 USFA Palmitoleic acid (C16:1) 3.35 OM-3 cis-5,8,n,14,17-Eicosapentaenoic acid (C20:5n3) (EPA) 0.42 [alpha]-Linolenic acid 0.46 (C18:3n3) (ALA) cis-11,14,17-Eicosatrienoic 0.15 acid (C20:3n3) Nervonic acid
(C24:1n9) + 0.63 cis-4,7,10,13,16,19- docosa- hexaenoic acid (C22:6n3) (DHA) OM-6 Linoleic acid (C18: 2n6c) (LA) 12.41 [gamma]-Linolenic acid 1.05 (C18: 3n6) (GLA) cis-8,11,14-Eicosatrienoic 0.18 acid (C20:3n6) Arachidonic acid (C20:4n6) (AA) 0.48 OM-9 Oleic acid (C18: 1n9c) 40.21 cis-11-Eicosenoic acid (C20:1n9) 0.42 Undefined 4.11 Total 100.00 Table 5: The dependence of the liquid/crystal solid ratios on mass of DES.
Twenty-four fractions of FFAs (lauric, myristic, myristoleic, palmitic, palmitoleic, stearic, oleic, linoleic, gamma-linolenic, linolenic, arachidic, eicosenoic, eicosadienoic, 5-8-11-eicosatrienoic, dihomo-gamma-linolenic, arachidonic, eicosapentaenoic, behenic, erucic, docosatetraenoic, docosapentaenoic, lignoceric, docosahexaenoic, and nervonic acid
) (Table 2) were determined by capillary gas chromatography (HP 6890, Hitachi, 30 m capillary column, inner diameter 0.32mm, phase layer 0.25fm) .
A total of 35 types of fatty acid were detected but octanoic acid, tridecanoic acid, myristoleic acid, pentadecenoic acid, elaidic acid, linoleic acid, a-linolenic acid, docosadienoic acid, nervonic acid
, and docosahexaenoic acid were not detected (Table 2).
Source of Myristoleic Acid C 15:1 N3 Palmitoleic acid Variation C14:1 N5 C16:1N9 Year 2.359 (NS) 2.882 (NS) 2.092 (NS) Mean 0.005 0.012 0.870 VC (%) 0.44 1.01 20.30 Source of Oleic Acid C20:1 N9 C22:1 N9 Variation C18:1 N9 Year 0.347 (NS) 0.697 (NS) 0.041 (NS) Mean 113.057 2.156 0.005 VC (%) 86.62 70.60 0.35 Source of Palmitoleate acid C17:1 N7 Variation C16:1 N7 Year 4.351 (NS) 0.587 (NS) Mean 0.081 1.084 VC (%) 4.98 53.64 Source of Nervonic acid
Variation C24:1 N9 Year 2.010 (NS) Mean 0.290 VC (%) 15.00 TABLE 5--Analysis of variance for the polyunsaturated fats content (mg -100 g), present in cagaita seeds (Eugenia dysenterica) grown in the experimental area of the School of Agronomy, Federal University of Goias, Goiania-GO, harvests of 2013 and 2014.
However, nervonic acid
, present in small amounts, was exclusively detected in flowers (0.15%).
Relationships between serum unsaturated fatty acids and coronary risk factors: negative relations between nervonic acid
and obesity-related risk factors.
More importantly, the oil contained noticeable amounts of nervonic acid (NA) (5.8%) and vitamin E (125.23 mg/100 g), which is the most biologically active isomer.
The fatty acids of purpleblow maple seed oil contain 5 to 6 percent nervonic acid (NA).
lophii extrude the VLCFA nervonic acid
into the external medium.
Among the saturated fatty acids, myristic acid (C14) and palmitic acid (C16) were the most important one, while palmitoleic acid (16:1), oleic acid (C18:1), and nervonic acid
(C24:1) were the main monounsaturated fatty acids.
globulus were erucic acid (20.36%, 20.7%), nervonic acid
(33.18%, 25.7%) and DHA (19.48%, 33%), respectively, followed by elaidic acid, oleic acid and palmitic acid.
Blackcurrant juice consumption increased both saturated and unsaturated free fatty acids levels in the rats brains; saturated: palmitic (16:0), stearic acid (18:0) (58%, 41% respectively), and behenic acid more than 2.5 fold; unsaturated: oleic (18:1), arachidonic (20:4), docosahexaenoic (22:6) and nervonic acid
(24:1) (40%, 30%, 34% and 2,4 times respectively).