nerve compression


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nerve compression

a pathological event that causes harmful pressure on one or more nerves, resulting in nerve damage and muscle weakness, atrophy, or paresthesias over time. Any nerve that passes over a rigid prominence is vulnerable, and the degree of damage depends on the magnitude and duration of the compressive force. Various factors may contribute to susceptibility, such as inherited predisposition, malnutrition, trauma, and disease. Various activities associated with routine occupations may unduly compress especially vulnerable nerves, such as the median nerve, radial nerve, femoral nerve, and plantar nerves. Rest and the cessation or modification of causative activities often heal nerve damage caused by compression. Surgery may be required to correct more severe cases. Compare nerve entrapment.

nerve compression,

n pressure on a nerve or nerves may often be caused by hypertonicity in adjacent muscles.
References in periodicals archive ?
Decrease in intermodal length and myelin thickness underlie the disruption of the efficacy of nerve impulse propagation in chronic nerve compression like CTS.
67) They originally hypothesized that proximal level nerve compression could cause more distal sites to become compressed (65,67) calling it a "double crush".
The Dellon approach to neurolysis in the neuropathy patient with chronic nerve compression.
6 Anyhow its presence may be confirmed with various tests like Nerve conduction study and EMG1 These tests are useful to stage the degree of nerve compression and may therefore assist the surgeon and patient in anticipating the time needed for recovery of nerve function.
Classically, chronic ulnar nerve compression leads to intrinsic muscle atrophy, evidenced by loss of topographical soft tissue bulk in the first dorsal web space, the palmar transverse metacarpal arch, and the hypothenar area.
Spinal decompression treatment is used to help relieve the pain and symptoms caused by nerve compression in the spine without an individual undergoing painful back surgery.
A series of fifteen tumors in the hand and wrist and six tumors causing nerve compression," The American Journal of Surgery, vol.
PNI is caused by nerve compression or trauma, among other causes.
3] Patients with osteosarcoma commonly present with bony mass, pain, and nerve compression symptoms.
It's inflammatory, metastatic, infectious, a fracture, or acute nerve compression," said Dr.