nerve compression


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nerve compression

a pathological event that causes harmful pressure on one or more nerves, resulting in nerve damage and muscle weakness, atrophy, or paresthesias over time. Any nerve that passes over a rigid prominence is vulnerable, and the degree of damage depends on the magnitude and duration of the compressive force. Various factors may contribute to susceptibility, such as inherited predisposition, malnutrition, trauma, and disease. Various activities associated with routine occupations may unduly compress especially vulnerable nerves, such as the median nerve, radial nerve, femoral nerve, and plantar nerves. Rest and the cessation or modification of causative activities often heal nerve damage caused by compression. Surgery may be required to correct more severe cases. Compare nerve entrapment.

nerve compression,

n pressure on a nerve or nerves may often be caused by hypertonicity in adjacent muscles.
References in periodicals archive ?
Median nerve compression occurs very frequently in carpal tunnel [6].
Thinning causes approximation of the vertebral bodes, which decreases the size of the TVFs, increasing the likelihood of nerve compression within the TVF (compare the healthy disc in Figure A with the degenerated disc in Figure B).
Ulnar nerve compression from lipoma in Guyon's canal is rare.
The flexor tendon is commonly thickened, increasing the magnitude of nerve compression in carpal tunnel syndrome.
Permeability of intraneural microvessels and perineurium following acute, graded experimental nerve compression.
In the new study, the researchers found that patients with a painful and debilitating nerve compression disorder called thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS), reported a significant reduction in short-term pain after receiving a single, low-dose injection of Botox in a muscle located in the neck.
Similarly, if the first attempt has resulted in significant local bleeding which could result in nerve compression, the procedure should be halted.
Gutierrez recommended lumbar fusion surgery to open the disc space, relieve nerve compression and to stabilize Thomas' lumbar spine.
This syndrome was first recognized in 1854 by Sir James Paget, who reported median nerve compression after a radial fracture.
Programming included a session on the use of biofeedback to help monitor a students' piano technique, another discussing ways to deal with the stresses of being an orchestral musician, results given from a research study on pain problems in 330 fleshman music students, a candid lecture from a renowned British surgeon on nerve compression syndromes, several experiential Feldenkrais sessions, a fascinating analysis of the factors affecting the health of jazz pianists in practice and performance, a viewing of the Academy Award-nominated short film, Two Hands: The Leon Fleisher Story, with introductory remarks by Leon's daughter and renowned physical therapist, Leah Fleisher to name just a few of the captivating sessions.
The Liverpool-born man is in a ward at Salmaniya Medical Complex (SMC), where he has been since he was admitted in September, following a stroke caused by nerve compression in