nephrostomy


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

nephrostomy

 [nĕ-fros´tah-me]
creation of a permanent opening into the renal pelvis.
Positioning of a percutaneous nephrostomy tube. From Bolander, 1994.
percutaneous nephrostomy insertion of a catheter through the skin and into the renal pelvis under the guidance of fluorography or ultrasonography; performed for relief of obstruction and to gain access to the upper urinary tract for a variety of procedures, such as dilation of strictures or removal of calculi.

ne·phros·to·my

(ne-fros'tŏ-mē),
Establishment of an opening between the collecting system of the kidney through its parenchyma to the exterior of the body; may be performed by surgical incision or be placed percutaneously.
[nephro- + G. stoma, mouth]

ne·phros·to·my

(ne-fros'tŏ-mē)
Establishment of an opening between the pelvis of the kidney through its cortex to the exterior of the body.
[nephro- + G. stoma, mouth]

nephrostomy

An opening into the kidney for the purpose of draining urine by way of a tube.
References in periodicals archive ?
A 20 Fr nephrostomy tube along with 6 Fr ureteric stent was placed in patients coming under group B.
In our study, the relationship between SIRS/sepsis and duration of surgery, stone burden, duration of nephrostomy, placement of DJ catheter, presence of severe obstruction, residual stone, renal pelvis urine and stone cultures results were analyzed.
In patients who had nephrostomy catheter, the second stage of the procedure was performed directly.
A ureteral stent and, if necessary, percutaneous nephrostomy are recently being recommended.
Chest X-ray showing complete resolution of the urinothorax after relief of obstruction using a percutaneous nephrostomy tube.
Effect of intercostal nerve block and nephrostomy tract infiltration with ropivacaine on postoperative pain control after tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy: A prospective, randomized, and case-controlled trial.
Infiltration of 0.25% bupivacaine into renal capsule along the nephrostomy track reduces post-operative pain.3 In post-operative period, use of different analgesics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) or opioids in the form of enteral and parenteral have side effects and it is suggested that their use should be limited.
Therefore, a temporizing nephrostomy was inserted with view of repairing the ureter later, but given the poor prognosis of the patient at the time, the decision was made to insert a subcutaneous pyelovesical bypass device to bypass the hostile pelvis.
We punctured the diverticulum and dilated it using a 24 Fr balloon catheter (X-Force N30 Nephrostomy Balloon Dilation Catheter; Bard, New Providence, NJ, USA), under ultrasound guidance and ureteroscopy, with a working sheath placed at the edge of the diverticular cavity.
A percutaneous nephrostomy was placed on the right side, and more than 5 litres of urine was drained.