An 8 F nephrostomy drainage catheter was placed and this was removed in 48-hours following a satisfactory nephrostogram
. Stent length was 12 cm for transplant kidney patients, 22 cm, 24 cm, or 26 cm for other patients.
If examination indicates tumor absence or low-grade pathology and nephrostogram
shows no extravasation/obstruction, intrarenal mitomycin-C or BCG can be instilled (48).
She underwent a successful ureteral stent exchange and ureteroplasty due to ureteral irregularity noted on a pullback nephrostogram
which subsequently (one month later) resolved, with prompt drainage of contrast into the bladder without a stent.
After the initial PCN, an antegrade nephrostogram
was performed between 48 and 72 hours to delineate the exact nature of the obstruction and configuration of the urinary tract.
He then underwent an urgent right sided percutaneous nephrostogram
demonstrating a large filling defect in the right renal collecting system.
Ante grade nephrostogram
was performed which showed right sided Pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction.
An antegrade nephrostogram
was done two weeks following stent placement.
The decision about removing the nephrostomy tube was based on the color of the urine coming from the tube and normal antegrade nephrostogram
Process digital/electronic images Use RIS (Radiology Information System) Use teleradiology or PACS Enteroclysis Retrograde uretrogram Retrograde urogram Mammography Sialography Urinary catheterization Bone densitometry Bronchoscopy Nephrostogram
Sinus injection ECG Phlebotomy
(20) Intraoperatively, the visualization of fecal material during nephroscopy or a bowel opacification with nephrostogram
is a sign of colon injury.
The catheter may be opened to straight drainage if a urine leak develops and access allows for a postoperative nephrostogram
, if indicated.
A micturatingcystourethrogram, nephrostogram
and retrograde pyelogram, ultrasound study of abdomen and computerized tomography and MRI were obtained as and when necessary.