nephropathy

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nephropathy

 [nĕ-frop´ah-the]
1. any disease of the kidneys. adj., adj nephropath´ic.
2. any disease of the kidneys; see also nephritis. Called also nephrosis. adj., adj nephropath´ic.
AIDS nephropathy former name for HIV-associated nephropathy.
analgesic nephropathy interstitial nephritis with renal papillary necrosis, seen in patients with a history of abuse of analgesics such as aspirin or acetaminophen alone or in combination.
diabetic nephropathy the nephropathy that commonly accompanies later stages of diabetes mellitus; it begins with hyperfiltration, renal hypertrophy, microalbuminuria, and hypertension; in time proteinuria develops, with other signs of decreasing function leading to end-stage renal disease.
gouty nephropathy any of a group of chronic kidney diseases associated with the abnormal production and excretion of uric acid.
heavy metal nephropathy the kidney damage resulting from any of various forms of heavy metal poisoning, usually in the form of tubulointerstitial nephritis. The most common metals involved are cadmium, lead, and mercury.
HIV-associated nephropathy renal pathology in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus, similar to focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, with proteinuria, enlarged kidneys, and dilated tubules containing proteinaceous casts; it may progress to end-stage renal disease within weeks.
hypokalemic nephropathy nephropathy with hypokalemia, interstitial nephritis, swelling and vacuolization of proximal renal tubules, and progressive renal failure, resulting from conditions such as oncotic overloading of the kidney filtration mechanisms by sugars. See also potassium-losing nephropathy.
IgA nephropathy a chronic form marked by hematuria and proteinuria and by deposits of IgA immunoglobulin in the mesangial areas of the renal glomeruli, with subsequent reactive hyperplasia of mesangial cells. Called also Berger's disease and IgA glomerulonephritis.
ischemic nephropathy nephropathy resulting from partial or complete obstruction of a renal artery with ischemia, accompanied by a significant reduction in the glomerular filtration rate.
lead nephropathy the kidney damage that accompanies lead poisoning; lead deposits appear in the epithelium of the proximal tubules and as nuclear inclusions in cells. In time this leads to tubulointerstitial nephritis with chronic renal failure and other symptoms.
membranous nephropathy membranous glomerulonephritis.
minimal change nephropathy minimal change disease.
obstructive nephropathy nephropathy caused by obstruction of the urinary tract (usually the ureter), with hydronephrosis, slowing of the glomerular filtration rate, and tubular abnormalities.
potassium-losing nephropathy hypokalemic nephropathy after persistent potassium loss; it may be seen in metabolic alkalosis, adrenocortical hormone excess, or in intrinsic renal disease such as renal tubular acidosis or hyperplasia of juxtaglomerular cells. Called also potassium-losing nephritis.
reflux nephropathy childhood pyelonephritis in which the renal scarring results from vesicoureteric reflux, with radiological appearance of intrarenal reflux.
salt-losing nephropathy intrinsic renal disease causing abnormal urinary sodium loss in persons ingesting normal amounts of sodium chloride, with vomiting, dehydration, and vascular collapse. Called also salt-losing nephritis.
urate nephropathy (uric acid nephropathy) any of a group of kidney diseases occurring in patients with hyperuricemia, including an acute form, a chronic form (gouty nephropathy), and nephrolithiasis with formation of uric acid calculi.

ne·phrop·a·thy

(ne-frop'ă-thē),
Any disease of the kidney.
Synonym(s): nephropathia, nephrosis (1)
[nephro- + G. pathos, suffering]

nephropathy

(nə-frŏp′ə-thē)
n. pl. nephropa·thies
A disease or abnormality of the kidney.

neph′ro·path′ic (nĕf′rə-păth′ĭk) adj.

nephropathy

Any disease that affects nephrons.

nephropathy

Kidney disease Nephrology A general term for any disease that affects nephrons. See Analgesic nephropathy, Balkan nephropathy, Contrast-induced nephropathy, HIV nephropathy, IgA nephropathy, Light chain nephropathy, Reflux nephropathy.

ne·phrop·a·thy

(ně-frop'ă-thē)
Any disease of the kidney including inflammatory and degenerative conditions.
Synonym(s): nephropathia, nephrosis (1) .
[nephro- + G. pathos, suffering]

nephropathy

Any disease of the kidney involving observable change.

ne·phrop·a·thy

(ně-frop'ă-thē)
Any disease of the kidney.
[nephro- + G. pathos, suffering]
References in periodicals archive ?
Pietila et al., "Renal biopsy findings and clinicopathologic correlations in nephropathia epidemica," Clinical Nephrology, vol.
Osterhaus, "Hantavirus antigen detection in kidney biopsies from patients with nephropathia epidemica," Clinical Nephrology, vol.
Holthofer, "Cytokines, adhesion molecules, and cellular infiltration in nephropathia epidemica kidneys: an immunohistochemical study," Clinical Immunology and Immunopathology, vol.
Ahola et al., "Increased glomerular permeability in patients with nephropathia epidemica caused by Puumala hantavirus," Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, vol.
Settergren, "Clinical aspects of nephropathia epidemica (Puumala virus infection) in Europe: a review," Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol.
Latus, "Evaluation of lipase levels in patients with nephropathia epidemica--no evidence for acute pancreatitis," BMC Infectious Diseases, vol.
Acute kidney injury and tools for risk-stratification in 456 patients with hantavirus-induced nephropathia epidemica.
No gender-related differences in the severity of nephropathia epidemica, Germany.
Ibuprofen or diclofenac is associated with more severe acute kidney injury in nephropathia epidemica.
* Distinguish long-term sequelae of acute nephropathia epidemica associated with Puumala virus hantavirus infection.
* Discuss serologic findings of nephropathia epidemica associated with Puumala virus hantavirus infection.
According to the cross-sectional prospective survey by Latus and colleagues, which of the following statements about the clinical characteristics of acute nephropathia epidemica (NE) associated with PUUV hantavirus infection is correct?