neonatal mortality

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Related to neonatal mortality: postneonatal mortality


(mor-tal'it-e) [ mortal]
1. The condition of being mortal.
2. The number of deaths in a population. In the U.S. about 2,300,000 people die each year. The most common causes of death, according to the National Center for Health Statistics, are (in descending order) heart disease, cancer, stroke, chronic obstructive lung disease, accidents, pneumonia and influenza, diabetes mellitus, suicide, kidney failure, cirrhosis, and other chronic liver diseases. The causes of death vary by age group: accidents are the most common cause of death among infants, children, adolescents, and young adults; cancers are the most common cause of death among people ages 45 to 64. Heart disease predominates after age 65. See: table

all-cause mortality

All of the deaths that occur in a population, regardless of the cause. It is measured in clinical trials and used as an indicator of the safety or hazard of an intervention.
See: disease-specific mortality

disease-specific mortality

All of the deaths that occur in a population from a specific illness. In clinical trials that study the effect of a treatment on that illness, it is used as a measure of the treatment's effectiveness.
See: all-cause mortality

infant mortality

The number of deaths of children younger than 1 year of age per 1000 live births per year.

neonatal mortality

The death of a newborn.

perinatal mortality

The number of fetal deaths plus the number of deaths of infants younger than 7 days of age per 1000 live births per year.
Worldwide, 50% of all deaths under the age of five are caused by infectious diseases.SOURCE: World Health Organization, The World Health Report 2005.
RankCauseNumbers (thousands per year)% of all deaths
1Neonatal causes3,91037
2Acute respiratory infections2,02719
3Diarrheal diseases1,76217
Other causes1,02210
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
Neonatal mortality was defined as the death of a live born baby within the first 28 complete days after birth.
The outcome variable in this study was neonatal mortality, measured as the duration of survival since birth (in days) and, as a time-to event phenomenon, was modelled as the probability of survival during the first 28 days of life.
Neonatal mortality, risk factors and causes: a prospective population-based cohort study in urban Pakistan.
Similarly, the proximal variables very low birth weight (under 1,500 grams) and an Apgar score in the first minute of life below seven (Table 2) had an effect on the likelihood of neonatal mortality that was independent of the preceding factors.
A year earlier, India was the 28th worst country among 184 nations in terms of neonatal mortality.
Unfortunately, despite great efforts, worldwide neonatal mortality rate (NMR) could be decreased from 33/1000 live births to 22/1000 live births, with a reduction of 40% (5).
Similarly, the discrepancy was evident in neonatal mortality. In sub-Saharan Africa, around one child in 36 dies within the first 28 days of its life.
Accordingly, this study aimed to decompose inequality in neonatal mortality into its contributing factors and then explore changes from 1995-2000 to 2005-2010 in Iran.
physicians to the "39-week rule" for elective deliveries appears to have cut net neonatal mortality in an analysis of more than 14 million deliveries during 2008-2012.
They discuss such aspects as thermal stress in ruminants: responses and strategies for alleviation, adaptive responses of rangeland livestock to manage water balance, impacts of toxic plants on the welfare of grazing livestock, neonatal mortality of farm livestock in extensive management systems, and the transport of livestock from extensive production systems.
The ratings come after NHS England released a new evaluation system based on four key areas: stillbirth and neonatal mortality rates, maternal smoking rate at delivery, experience and choice.

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