neonatal abstinence syndrome


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neonatal abstinence syndrome

a behavioral pattern of irritability, tremulousness, and inconsolability exhibited in newborns exposed to heroin and methadone. Following treatment during the neonatal period, the abnormal signs usually resolve. In some infants hypertonicity has persisted for 6 months.

neonatal abstinence syndrome

Any of the adverse consequences in the newborn of exposure to addictive or dangerous intoxicants during fetal development. The consequences include, but are not limited to, preterm delivery, intrauterine growth retardation, asphyxia, low birth weight, drug withdrawal symptoms after delivery, and behavioral, psychiatric, and learning disabilities later in life.
References in periodicals archive ?
The vast majority of opioid abusers smoke cigarettes, and smoking has been shown to be "a very important contributor to neonatal abstinence syndrome," she said.
Neonatal abstinence syndrome after in utero exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in term infants.
By 2009, the estimated number of newborns with the syndrome was 13,539 -- or about one baby born each hour, according to the study that U-M researchers believe is the first to assess national trends in neonatal abstinence syndrome and mothers using opiate drugs.
Buprenorphine versus methadone in the treatment of pregnant opioid-dependent patients: effects on the neonatal abstinence syndrome.
An unrelated cohort study found that 30% of 60 infants exposed to SSRIs in utero showed some degree of neonatal abstinence syndrome.
Jan Dobson and Georgina Ennor run the neonatal abstinence syndrome community programme from the neonatal outreach services at Christchurch Women's Hospital.
Bipartisan bill to address neonatal abstinence syndrome signed by President
Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) results when in utero exposure to certain substances (such as opioids, benzodiazepines, barbiturates and alcohol) is abruptly discontinued at delivery.
Infants born to women taking prescription opioids were more likely to have neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) if their mothers smoked tobacco or took selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), according to a recent study.
He claimed the 90 babies diagnosed with neonatal abstinence syndrome last year are just the tip of the "methadone baby iceberg".
John Daniel at the Neonatology division of the Kentucky Children's Hospital in Lexington, Kentucky are researching the effects of aromatherapy in the treatment of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS).
3) In-utero exposure of opioids results in Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) consisting of symptoms of central nervous system irritability, autonomic nervous system dysfunction and gastrointestinal system disturbance.