neonatal abstinence syndrome


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neonatal abstinence syndrome

a behavioral pattern of irritability, tremulousness, and inconsolability exhibited in newborns exposed to heroin and methadone. Following treatment during the neonatal period, the abnormal signs usually resolve. In some infants hypertonicity has persisted for 6 months.

neonatal abstinence syndrome

Any of the adverse consequences in the newborn of exposure to addictive or dangerous intoxicants during fetal development. The consequences include, but are not limited to, preterm delivery, intrauterine growth retardation, asphyxia, low birth weight, drug withdrawal symptoms after delivery, and behavioral, psychiatric, and learning disabilities later in life.
References in periodicals archive ?
Opioid maintenance treatment during pregnancy : occurrence and severity of neonatal abstinence syndrome.
While neonatal abstinence syndrome is a threat to all infants born to opioid-dependent women, providing maintenance treatment, especially with buprenorphine, appears to be the safest way in which to monitor and manage opioid dependence for both mother and infant and the more likely way to ensure retention in both prenatal and substance abuse care.
7,12) Neonatal abstinence syndrome may be present in 60-90% of neonates exposed in-utero with up to 70% of affected neonates with central nervous system irritability that may progress to seizures.
After delivery, their neonates were assessed for signs and symptoms of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) twice a day for at least 10 days.
The National Institute on Drug Abuse has reported that the number of babies born with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome has increased fivefold since 2000.
At Shrewsbury and Telford hospitals, 52 babies were born with neonatal abstinence syndrome.
The incidence of neonatal abstinence syndrome was reduced after maternal participation in the detoxification programme--55% v.
Scientists studying the health of these infants have found a possible link between their opioid withdrawal, also known as neonatal abstinence syndrome, and the twisting condition called torticollis.
Reddy UM, Davis JM, Ren Z, Greene MF; Opioid Use in Pregnancy, Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome, and Childhood Outcomes Workshop Invited Speakers.
CHICAGO -- A study that compares babies who develop neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) with a control group of healthy newborns found largely what researchers expected to see--lower gestational ages, lower birth weights, and substance use in 100% of the mothers in the affected group.
Edwards School of Medicine welcomed West Virginians for Affordable Health Care and the West Virginia Perinatal Partnership to its medical campus in September for a roundtable discussion about prenatal substance abuse and exposure, particularly neonatal abstinence syndrome, or NAS.
In conjunction, NJHA will work in reducing preterm births, severe pregnancy complications associated with high blood pressure and hemorrhage, racial/ethnic and geographic disparities, cesarean births among low-risk pregnant women as well as improving identification of and care for infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome.