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neoadjuvant chemotherapyChemotherapy given before cancer surgery with the hope that it will shrink the tumour, resulting in a procedure that is less drastic and has clearer margins.
Breast, colorectal, lung cancers.
Nausea, vomiting, hair loss, fatigue, oral ulcers, infection, anaemia, increased bleeding.
neoadjuvant chemotherapyInduction chemotherapy, neoadjuvant therapy, preemptive chemotherapy, primary chemotherapy Oncology 1. The use of chemotherapy on solid–ie, non-hematopoietic neoplasms–eg, osteosarcomas, anal cancer, head&neck cancer; NC is used in Pts with clinically resectable but locally advanced disease that is not amenable to complete eradication surgery or RT; agents used in NC include cisplatin, 5-FU, vinblastine, and the M-VAC 'cocktail.' See Neoadjuvant therapy. Cf Induction therapy.
Treatment of the tumor with drugs before surgery to reduce the size of the tumor.
Mentioned in: Neuroblastoma