Prevalence of Gastrointestinal Nematodiasis
and Comparative Efficacy of Anthelmintics on Body Weight of Cattle in Bangladesh International J.
Nitrogen metabolism in nematodiasis
of sheep in relation to productivity.
Clinical Relevance--Antemortem diagnosis of proventricular nematodiasis
has not been reported in psittacine birds.
In equines, large strongyles (red worms or blood worms), small strongyles (small worms), Parascaris equorum (ascarids), Strongyloides westeri, Habronema spp., Draschia spp., Oxyurides (pinworms), Dictyocaluc arnfieldi (lung worms) and Trichostrongylus axei (stomach worms) are responsible for nematodiasis
The observed disease conditions reported as SDs in correlation to affected organ system and etiologies when available were as follows: Digestive system diseases (n = 1,204) were bacterial infections (clostridial, mycobacteriosis, salmonellosis, staphylococcosis), parasitic infections (coccidiosis, nematodiasis
, trichomoniasis, cestodiasis), neoplasia, fatty liver syndrome, intestinal volvulus and intussusception, and foreign body ingestion and obstruction.
Baylisascaris procyonis was previously reported from 3 of 4 raccoons collected at the Henry Doorly Zoo in Omaha, Nebraska in the course of an epizootiological investigation of cerebral nematodiasis
in macaws in the zoo resulting from infection with B.
procyonis visceral larva migrans (also called neural larva migrans or cerebrospinal nematodiasis
) presents as acute fulminant eosinophilic meningoencephalitis producing symptoms that include incoordination, ataxia, torticollis, nystagmus, and mentation changes.
Contaminative ability of Baylisascaris procyonis infected raccoons in an outbreak of cerebrospinal nematodiasis
. Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington 49:155-157.
(32) The outbreak of nematodiasis
in Guangdong province in 2004 killed more than 10,000 pine trees at the South China Botanical Garden.
In non-raccoon hosts, including humans, larvae of this parasitic nematode can cause severe neurological disease (cerebrospinal nematodiasis
) and often damage visceral and ocular tissues (Kazacos 2001).