neglected disease

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neglected disease

A popular term for any of the major tropical infections other than “the big three”—HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis—which are endemic in developing regions of Central and South America, Asia and Africa, and, despite the large number of people infected, have much lower levels of international funding for prevention and treatment than the big three.

Neglected diseases, in decreasing frequency
Roundworm (ascariasis), whipworm (trichuriasis), hookworm (necatoriasis, ancylostomiasis), schistosomiasis, filariasis, trachoma, kala-azar/leishmaniasis, Chagas disease, leprosy, African trypanosomiasis, Guinea worm/dracunculiasis, Buruli ulcer.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

neglected disease

Any disease affecting a large number of people, esp. in developing nations, who receive little attention from governments, medical researchers, and pharmaceutical companies. The term is used to raise social awareness of the illness among public health practitioners and citizens of Western nations. Examples of neglected diseases include Chagas disease, leishmaniasis, malaria, malnutrition, sleeping sickness, and tuberculosis.
See also: disease
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
LF is a neglected tropical disease (NTD) transmitted to humans via carrier mosquitoes.
Two years ago, WHO agreed to list snakebite envenoming among the neglected tropical disease to give it deserving attention as far as research and funding is concerned.
It's no exaggeration that more than 120 dog-bite victims report daily to only three hospitals of Karachi having facilities to manage dog-bite cases The fact that the victims are from all over Sindh speaks of the prevalence of the problems across the province and of the apathy of the authorities towards tackling what the WHO has classified as a neglected tropical disease, or NTD, and aims to eliminate from the world by 2030.
The FDA's neglected tropical disease PRV program is designed to encourage the development of drugs and treatments for rare and neglected diseases.
The scale of the problem means snake bites are now classed as a priority neglected tropical disease.
Approximately 163M people are at risk of developing the disease and this recommitment ensures that Pfizer, through the International Trachoma Initiative, will continue to provide trachoma endemic countries with donated antibiotics that are a critical component of the global strategy to eliminate this neglected tropical disease. Pfizer's continued donation program will help accelerate significant progress made in the last decade to reduce trachoma through increased donations, resulting in a roughly 50% decrease in the number of people at risk of trachoma worldwide today compared to 2011.
Rabies is considered as a neglected tropical disease, which can be fatal but totally preventable.
Conversely, some global health experts estimate that for every dollar spent on neglected tropical disease control, we (http://www.end.org/docs/default-source/default-document-library/end-fund-ntd-fact-sheet_may-2016.pdf?sfvrsn=2) get back over $50  in increased economic productivity.
The World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates that 200,000 people die annually as a result of contracting schistosomiasis, with a further 200 million suffering serious health consequences, and Ethiopia is one of the three highest Neglected Tropical Disease (NTD) burden countries in sub-Saharan Africa, alongside Nigeria and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
With its 90 million inhabitants, Ethiopia, which has the second largest population in Africa after Nigeria, is one of the three highest Neglected Tropical Disease burden countries in sub-Saharan Africa.
Commenting on the milestone, Sightsavers' director of Advocacy and Neglected Tropical Disease, said: "The 250 millionth treatment is an exciting milestone for Sightsavers, as we and our partners work towards the elimination of river blindness in Africa.
Jorge Alvar, who heads WHO's Leishmaniasis programme in the Department of Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases. "We hope that this commitment by Gilead will encourage other partners to join the fight in overcoming this neglected tropical disease."