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neglected diseaseA popular term for any of the major tropical infections other than “the big three”—HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis—which are endemic in developing regions of Central and South America, Asia and Africa, and, despite the large number of people infected, have much lower levels of international funding for prevention and treatment than the big three.
Neglected diseases, in decreasing frequency
Roundworm (ascariasis), whipworm (trichuriasis), hookworm (necatoriasis, ancylostomiasis), schistosomiasis, filariasis, trachoma, kala-azar/leishmaniasis, Chagas disease, leprosy, African trypanosomiasis, Guinea worm/dracunculiasis, Buruli ulcer.
Any disease affecting a large number of people, esp. in developing nations, who receive little attention from governments, medical researchers, and pharmaceutical companies. The term is used to raise social awareness of the illness among public health practitioners and citizens of Western nations. Examples of neglected diseases include Chagas disease, leishmaniasis, malaria, malnutrition, sleeping sickness, and tuberculosis.
See also: disease