For the outcome with a negative valence
, situational-prevention-focused participants evaluated the outcome as more unfair when confronted with a loss than when confronted with a nongain, [F.sub.(1, 448)] = 22.87, p < .001, [[eta].sup.2.sub.p] = 0.05.
Depending on the relation, functions may be transformed, rather than transferred: a stimulus in a relation of opposition with, for instance, a stimulus with positive valence may acquire negative valence
without direct training (e.g., Perez, de Almeida, & de Rose, 2015).
Participants responded to the Autobiographical Memory Test (AMT; Williams & Broadbent, 1986) in which they had to elicit a specific memory for each of ten cue words (five of negative valence
and five of positive valence).
The researchers observed a correlation for increases in visual preference for suffering due to compassion training with decreases in the amygdala, which is involved in negative valence
, arousal, and physiological responses typical of fear and anxiety states.
For example, music that is not arousing but has positive valence could influence performance differently than low arousal and negative valence
. This disassociation also affects memory, where stimuli that produce negative valence
are better remembered than neutral stimuli (Kensinger & Corkin, 2004).
There's positive and negative valence
, but never something between or nuanced.
The negative valence
asymmetrical phenomenon should be tested to understand the nature of premier expression.
Distracted by pleasure: effects of positive versus negative valence
on emotional capture under load.
According to the model, valence is comprised of positive and negative valence
. Finally, instrumentality refers to the perception of employees regarding whether they actually achieve what they desire when they perform well.
On the other hand, neuroimaging studies have reported that extroversion was found to be correlated with low level of arousal  and correlated with positive valence, while neuroticism was correlated with high level of arousal and to negative valence
It is difficult but slightly observable that left or right lateralization corresponds to positive or negative valence
as indicated by previous works [6, 7].