According to the council, Cyprus is among the countries with the lowest provision of needle exchange programmes
in Europe and this puts drug users at high risk, as shared needles and syringes greatly increase the chances of spreading AIDS.
There are three needle exchange programmes
operating in the small ward and residents claim streets, play areas and parks are littered with used needles from the exchanges centres.
Steroid use is a significant problem in parts of Wales among bodybuilders and pharmacists and drugs workers have also reported seeing more steroid users accessing needle exchange programmes
. The report's co-author Jim McVeigh, from the Centre for Public Health at Liverpool John Moores University, said anyone using steroids intravenously was exposing themselves to risk.
Harm reduction programs such as clean needle exchange programmes
were introduced 25 years ago in cities like Liverpool and Rotterdam.
Do needle exchange programmes
increase the spread of HIV among injection drug users?: An investigation of the Vancouver outbreak.
At a meeting in Moscow on Wednesday, Aids specialists called for needle exchange programmes
and heroin substitutes, such as methadone, to be introduced in an effort to stem a fast-growing HIV epidemic.
There are needle exchange programmes
in all countries except Cyprus and the incidence of drug-injecting-related AIDS cases is declining.
Hurley et al., Effectiveness of needle exchange programmes
for prevention of HIV infection, Lancet 1997;349:1797-1800.
"There are dozens of needle exchange programmes
out there where drug addicts can get fresh needles if they need them.
Although supporting needle exchange programmes
in principle, they insisted this was not the place for the machine.