needle exchange programmes

needle exchange programmes

An effective public health measure to reduce the prevalence of conditions such as AIDS and hepatitis B that are often spread among intravenous drug abusers by sharing needles. About half of new HIV infections are now caused by needle sharing. New sterile syringes and needles are supplied free of charge to discourage the practice. Many studies have shown that this is a valuable measure that does not encourage illegal drug usage but, up to early 1998, the USA, almost alone among developed countries, continued to ban it.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
According to the council, Cyprus is among the countries with the lowest provision of needle exchange programmes in Europe and this puts drug users at high risk, as shared needles and syringes greatly increase the chances of spreading AIDS.
There are three needle exchange programmes operating in the small ward and residents claim streets, play areas and parks are littered with used needles from the exchanges centres.
Steroid use is a significant problem in parts of Wales among bodybuilders and pharmacists and drugs workers have also reported seeing more steroid users accessing needle exchange programmes. The report's co-author Jim McVeigh, from the Centre for Public Health at Liverpool John Moores University, said anyone using steroids intravenously was exposing themselves to risk.
Harm reduction programs such as clean needle exchange programmes were introduced 25 years ago in cities like Liverpool and Rotterdam.
Do needle exchange programmes increase the spread of HIV among injection drug users?: An investigation of the Vancouver outbreak.
At a meeting in Moscow on Wednesday, Aids specialists called for needle exchange programmes and heroin substitutes, such as methadone, to be introduced in an effort to stem a fast-growing HIV epidemic.
There are needle exchange programmes in all countries except Cyprus and the incidence of drug-injecting-related AIDS cases is declining.
Hurley et al., Effectiveness of needle exchange programmes for prevention of HIV infection, Lancet 1997;349:1797-1800.
"There are dozens of needle exchange programmes out there where drug addicts can get fresh needles if they need them.
Although supporting needle exchange programmes in principle, they insisted this was not the place for the machine.