needle exchange program


Also found in: Acronyms.

needle exchange program

Any program intended to slow the spread of AIDS (and hepatitis C) among IV drug abusers (IVDAs), in which a governmental or charitable agency exchanges sterile needles for dirty, potentially contaminated needles used by IVDAs when injecting (“shooting”) heroin or other substances.

needle exchange program

Syringe exchange program Public health Any program intended to slow the spread of AIDS among IV drug users, in which a governmental or charitable agency exchanges sterile needles for dirty, potentially HIV-contaminated needles used by IVDAs when 'shooting' heroin or other substances. See Intravenous drug use, Safe injection room.

needle exchange program

A public health program for collecting used hypodermic syringes and exchanging them for sterile ones. Such programs are designed to decrease the spread of diseases (like AIDS and hepatitis C) that are transmitted by the sharing of contaminated needles.

Patient care

Syringe-exchange programs not only reduce the spread of blood-borne illnesses but also serve as gateways to other vital medical services for patients at risk, e.g., drug abusers who want to stop, or pregnant women, the mentally ill, malnourished, or those who need vaccination. In its position statement on needle exchange and HIV/AIDS, the American Nursing Association states, “nurses support the availability of needle exchange programs (that) include adherence to public health and infection control guidelines, access for referral to treatment and rehabilitative services, and education about the transmission of HIV disease.” Health care professionals must be familiar with federal and state laws about needle exchange. Most programs operate by providing a single sterile needle for each contaminated needle brought in by a client. Contaminated needles brought to exchange programs are treated as biomedical waste products and are managed by these programs according to public health guidelines.

Synonym: syringe exchange program
References in periodicals archive ?
Given the current crisis in opioid abuse and task forces set up to try to address the problem, the time may have come for Worcester to consider having a needle exchange program.
(1993) Needle Exchange Programs: Research Suggests Promise as an AIDS Prevention Strategy.
The first needle exchange program in Spain began in the city of Bilbao in 1987.
Since then, state lawmakers have moved to legalize the purchase and possession of syringes, which was illegal in some states, and authorize needle exchange programs.
Fruth Pharmacy also participates in a needle exchange program, which, along with administering naloxone, has its share of controversy.
In just two years, Washington, D.C.'s needle exchange program prevented 120 HIV infections and saved about $44 million, according to a study published in September in AIDS and Behavior.
The Eugene agency, which operates a local needle exchange program for intravenous drug users to provide them with clean needles, has worked more than a year to educate people about gunpowder heroin's dangers - although Yandel could not say if that may have led to fewer overdoses last year.
The first HIV prevalence data collected among IDUs in Edmonton was completed in 1992 as part of an evaluation of the local needle exchange program. This evaluation reported 3 positive HIV results from 616 saliva samples tested over a two-year period.
Satellite Exchange in the Baltimore Needle Exchange Program. Public Health Reports 113(Supplement 1): 90-96.
The largest SEPs were San Francisco AIDS Foundation, California (2.1 million syringes exchanged); Chicago Recovery Alliance, Illinois (1.5 million); Point Defiance AIDS Project, Tacoma, Washington (1.1 million); Seattle-King County Department of Public Health Needle Exchange Program, Seattle, Washington (1.0 million); Lower East Side Needle Exchange Program, New York, New York (0.9 million); Alameda County SEP, Oakland, California (0.8 million); Street Outreach Services, Seattle, Washington (0.7 million); Baltimore Department of Public Health, Maryland (0.7 million); and Clean Needles Now, Los Angeles, California (0.6 million).
New Hampshire is the only New England state that doesn't have a pilot needle exchange program," she points out.
Courageously defying this ban, the New York chapter of ACT UP has operated a needle exchange program for the past fourteen months.