necropsy


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autopsy

 [aw´top-se]
examination of a body after death to determine the cause of death; it may be ordered by a coroner or medical examiner when the cause of death is unknown or the death has taken place under suspicious circumstances. Autopsies are also valuable sources of medical knowledge. Unless it is demanded by public authorities, an autopsy cannot be performed without permission of the next of kin of the deceased. Called also postmortem examination and necropsy.

au·top·sy

(aw'top-sē), Avoid the mispronunciation autop'sy.
1. An examination of the organs of a dead body to determine the cause of death or to study the pathologic changes present. Synonym(s): necropsy
2. In the terminology of the ancient Greek school of empirics, the intentional reproduction of an effect, event, or circumstance that occurred in the course of a disease, and observation of its influence in ameliorating or aggravating the patient's symptoms.
[G. autopsia, seeing with one's own eyes]

necropsy

(nĕk′rŏp′sē)
n. pl. necrop·sies

nec′rop′sy v.

autopsy

A postmortem examination of a body, which helps determine cause of death and identify any diseases that had not been detected while the patient was alive, or which confirms the presence of conditions diagnosed before the patient died.

Autopsy types 
• Biopsy only—A minimalist postmortem examination in which the prosector examines the organs, but only samples small fragments (biopsies) for histologic examination. 
• Chest only—An autopsy in which only the lungs and heart are examined; findings in a chest only autopsy are used to ID an occluding thrombus in the coronary arteries, massive patientE, or evaluate a person for compensation under the Black Lung Compensation act of 1969.
• Complete—An autopsy in which the thoracic, abdominal and cranial cavities are examined. 
• Head only—An autopsy in which the pathology of interest is presumed to reside entirely in the cranial cavity. 
• No head—An autopsy examining the chest and abdominal cavity without cranial cavity.

Infections (potentially fatal) that may pass to prosectors
Blastomycosis, coccidioidomycosis, diphtheria, erysipeloid, HBV (30% of seroconversion with infected blood exposure), HCV (up to 10% risk), HIV (0.3% risk), lymphocytic choriomeningitis, rabies, streptococci, TB (exposures as brief as 10 minutes have resulted in transmission; 10% of Finnish pathologists in active PM practice have occupational TB; autopsy-transmitted outbreaks of TB have occurred in NY, LA, Chicago and Arkansas), tularaemia, viral haemorrhagic fevers (Marburg, Ebola, Lassa), yellow fever. Two cases of possible transmission of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease to histology technicians (not autopsy prosectors) have been reported.

necropsy

Postmortem examination. See Autopsy.

au·top·sy

(aw'top-sē)
An examination of a corpse and the organs of a dead body to determine the cause of death or to study the pathologic changes present. (Colloquially called postmortem or post.)
Synonym(s): necropsy.
[G. autopsia, seeing with one's own eyes]

necropsy

An autopsy, or postmortem examination, of a body.
References in periodicals archive ?
In conclusion, we report the prevalence of ALV-A in Anhui province for the first time, and we also diagnosed the virus through necropsy, histopathological and PCR examinations.
Clinical signs of illness were fever and respiratory signs, Mortality rate reach to 60 %, while mortality rate was up to 90% and mostly confined in lambs (Bhanuprakash et al., (2005) and Sharma et al., (2013).There is a consistent specific pox skin lesion in all infected animals and the lesions were frequently in the form of macules and papules, and obviously seen in unwooled areas in the head, abdomen and tail (Babiuk et al., 2008 and Bhanuprakash et al., 2010).At necropsy, Lung was the only organ affected and there was multiple nodules distributed throughout lung lobes, and this findingwas considered a consistent necropsy findings in all dead lambs (Chani, 2011).
Since this neoplasm does not interfere with the reproductive function of females, the diagnosis is an incidental finding upon necropsy or in slaughter houses (MACHADO et al., 2015).
Considering the necropsy findings, portions from lungs and liver were collected.
Data from avian necropsy cases submitted from backyard flocks (any flock of < 1,000 birds) in the CAHFS laboratory computer database (STARLIMS 10.5.67) were compiled and analyzed.
Blood was only rescued from one of these pigs at necropsy showing 4, 0E + 11 copies of PCV2 pr.
Because of the potential for aerosolization of Brucella organisms during the necropsy and the lack of respiratory precautions taken, the four persons who performed the necropsy were assessed to be at high risk for Brucella exposure.
A necropsy was performed on March 21 and preliminary test results show Knut's sudden death may have been caused by brain abnormalities.
I reviewed data collected from moose hunter check stations in 1977-1984 and necropsy reports of non-harvested animals examined in 1983-1992 to estimate past prevalence of F.
Her bones now lie in two cardboard boxes, one containing her skull and another the many ribs and vertebrae recovered after her death and necropsy (animal autopsy).
A LIVELY DAY IN THE WHOI NECROPSY LAB--Researchers examine the body of a common dolphin that died the day before in Harwich, Mass., to determine its cause of death.
At our school, video recordings of each lecture that students may miss while attending a necropsy are available online.