naturalism


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Related to naturalism: realism

naturalism

A guiding principle of the physical universe and understanding thereof, which holds that all that exists (and all phenomena can be explained) without recourse to supernatural concepts—i.e., all that exists in the universe can be explained by science.
References in periodicals archive ?
Campbell's inclusive treatment of naturalism is a welcome addition to contemporary studies in the field, including Mary E.
The roots of the religious naturalism worldview can be traced back to the ancient classical world, and on through the renaissance and enlightenment eras, but notably Spinoza among the philosophers of the past is generally recognized as an important forerunner of religious naturalism.
Huxley's efforts to publicize the advantages of embracing scientific and secular ideas, to advantage the cultural preeminence of men of science, to argue that there is but one kind of knowledge and but one method of acquiring it, and to present naturalism as an alternative to Christianity rather than an attack upon it, won the day.
But beyond the obscure claims that the form of naturalism that Emden attributes to Nietzsche "contends that cognition and normativity are always embedded in the material world" and that "facts are already normative in the sense that they make certain claims on us, that is, they shape the way we act, think, imagine and so on" (69), it is difficult to see quite what the content of his claim amounts to.
Nineteenth-century literary naturalism, as propagated by Emile Zola, is steeped in Hippolyte Taine's tenets of historic moment, inheritance, and milieu/environment and definitively influenced by Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species (1859), Claude Bernard's Introduction to Experimental Medicine (1865), and August Comte's theories on positivism.
Careful work has been done by scholars such as Gregory Moore (Nietzsche, Biology, Metaphor) and John Richardson (Nietzsche's New Darwinism) on the importance, indeed centrality, of biological and evolutionary considerations in Nietzsche's work, especially his naturalism but also his value-theory.
Lacking a demonstrable understanding of what naturalism is, Dworkin's argument harkens back to the same old prejudice as Rev.
But the point which concerns me here is that existential responses to Darwinian naturalism vary, quite considerably, and the related suggestion that the 'bleakness charge' ought to incorporate it.
92), since the ideas of ultimate reality underlying evolutionary naturalism and panpsychism are incompatible.
In this paper I am going to present some of the basic ideas of Otto in the light of his work on naturalism and religion.
At best, as Taliaferro points out, the argument has force only against a strict and implausible form of naturalism that claims that everything can ultimately be explained in terms of physics.
to demonstrate the increasing poverty of the dual dreams of naturalism and mastery" (p.