natural philosophy

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natural philosophy

An obsolescent term for physics.
References in periodicals archive ?
Yeronisos, or 'Holy Island,' is an ancient site and was mentioned by the Roman writer and natural philosopher, Pliny.
I follow cosmology and particle physics on the level of reading S&T and Scientific American, and if I were a 19th-century natural philosopher, I might be able to know all of science, or at least make a better stab of it.
If this seems improbable check the January 2013 column, which featured the insights of the self-taught English natural philosopher, Mr.
* Sir Isaac Newton FRS: English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, theologian, natural philosopher, and alchemist
John Theophilus Desaguliers; a natural philosopher, engineer and freemason in Newtonian England.
He is also remembered for his humble beginnings as the son of a blacksmith who became first a book-binder's apprentice, then Humphry Davy's laboratory assistant, and finally Davy's successor in the Royal Institution of Great Britain, and one of the nineteenth century's leading physicists (although he preferred the title of natural philosopher): in short, the perfect embodiment of the Victorian ideal of self-help.
(This approach was very fashionable among some biographers in the 1990s but has recently and thankfully fallen into disuse.) When not doing this the author is keen to show how much Harvey depended on logic and argument--he was a 'natural philosopher'--rather than observation, and how much the man was part and parcel of the intellectual world, and not just the medical world, of his time.
The famously verbose 17th-century natural philosopher and pioneer of the scientific method argued that technical communication demands detail, not brevity.
Natural philosopher Robert Hooke (1635-1703) began his career as an apprentice to the painter Sir Peter Lely, but complained that the smell of oil paint gave him headaches and cut the apprenticeship short.
He was the "last wellknown natural philosopher to concern himself with the hidden properties of gemstones" (Daston, 40), but he was also careful to draw a crucial distinction between the "True and Medical Virtues that belong to Gems; and that, as to those Magical and other Extravagant properties, that either notoriously fabulous, or other credulous Writers have made bold to deliver." (10) While moderns will assume that Boyle offers a rationalist perspective here, it is more accurate to say he is establishing boundaries.
Thus, the symbolic value of the early modern android is not only Promethean in the sense that it demonstrates the ability of the natural philosopher to imitate God's creative power over life and death, but also, more practically, it is a metaphor (and sometimes, as with "true" claims about scientists' androids, a literal "demonstration") of human potential to subjugate nature.
Although most of the works he produced at Avignon were theological or apocalyptic in content, at least two, the Liber lucis and the Liber de consideratione quinte essentie omnium rerum, were alchemical--although John disdained the term alchemy, preferring to style himself a natural philosopher. The first treatise is a standard treatment of transmutational ideas, while the second is a somewhat more original foray into medical alchemy, which anticipates ideas in modern pharmacology.