The purpose is to allow for the testing of phoneme-specific nasal emission (PSNE), a disorder that will be discussed later in this article.
To distinguish hypernasality from nasal emission and turbulence, the nose opens and closes during prolonged articulation of "i" (i.e., "iiii").
* Nasal emission: The straw test is used for testing nasal emission in the same way it is used for testing hypernasality.
As shown in Figure 10, while 38% of the participants had no resonance problems, hypernasality was observed in 9% and hypernasality plus nasal emission was observed in 9%.
The Assessment of Resonance and Voice Non-Instrumental Assessment Non-Nasal Nasal Kirpi Mine Cicek Nine Sise Memnun Kelebek Ninni /i/ /m/ Resonance Voice  Hypernasality  Guide Sac Resonance  High  Nasal Emission  Nasal Grimace  Hoarse  Nasal Rustle/Turbulence  Mixed  Dysphonia  Phoneme Specific Nasal Emission  Normal  Normal  Hyponasalily * For the velopharyngeal Insufficiency (VPI), the child reads/repeats the non-nasal word list with the nose open and closed.
Yesterday, Google linked to 35 news outlets reporting on her mid-performance nasal emission
during a gig in New York - including Slate magazine's piece titled: "I was there when Beyonce sneezed on stage, and it was a marvel".
The nasogram, therefore, can provide a biofeedback of nasal snort and audible nasal emission
which may be used during speech therapy .
Keywords: Velopharyngeal closure, muscle treatment, nasal emission, hypernasality.
These pressure sounds, may be produced with nasal emission, or the client may use compensatory substitutions in place of the pressure sounds.
The clinician should carefully monitor for nasal emission. Voiced sounds, particularly vowels, will provide perceptual information on the resonance balance of the client.
Other clinician (Cole, 1971, 1979; D'Antonio, 1989; Morris, 1992) have proposed that inconsistent nasal emission and/or hypernasality be used as prognostic indicators.