narcotic analgesic


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia.

analgesic

 [an″al-je´zik]
1. relieving pain.
2. pertaining to analgesia.
3. an agent that relieves pain without causing loss of consciousness.
narcotic analgesic opioid analgesic.
nonsteroidal antiinflammatory analgesic (NSAIA) nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug.
opiate analgesic (opioid analgesic) any of a class of compounds that bind with a number of closely related specific receptors (opioid receptors) in the central nervous system to block the perception of pain or affect the emotional response to pain; such compounds include opium and its derivatives, as well as a number of synthetic compounds, and are used for moderate to severe pain. Chronic administration or abuse may lead to dependence.

nar·cot·ic

(nahr-kot'ik)
1. Any drug derived from opium or opiumlike compounds with potent analgesic effects associated with both significant alteration of mood and behavior and potential for dependence and tolerance.
2. Any drug, synthetic or naturally occurring, with effects similar to those of opium and opium derivatives.
3. Capable of inducing a state of stuporous analgesia.
[G. narkōtikos, a benumbing]
References in periodicals archive ?
Since the cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2)-selective NSAID rofecoxib (Vioxx) was famously taken off the market in late 2004 because of a scandal related to cover-up of an increased risk of myocardial infarction, prescriptions for narcotic analgesics in elderly patients with arthritis have risen sharply.
Past other opiate use included heroin (34%), Percocet or Vicodin (53%), and 13% reported having used other types of narcotic analgesics. Only 13.2% (N = 27) had never before used an opiate.
According to the American Geriatrics Society's Panel on Persistent Pain in Older Persons, addiction rarely occurs in people who are, under the care of a physician, taking narcotic analgesic drugs for valid medical conditions, including persistent or chronic pain.
Besides addiction, the narcotic analgesics have the side effects of respiratory depression and constipation, because the enkephalin- producing network of fibers also helps regulate the lungs, the gastrointestinal tract, and other organs.
Narcotic analgesics, such as morphine sulfate, are indicated for the severe pain of an acute crisis (Midence, Davies, & Fuggle, 1992, Pallister, 1992).
In the first three quarters of 2018, the total number of reported narcotic analgesic abusers increased by 1 per cent (from 3,141 to 3,176) compared to the same period last year.
M2 EQUITYBITES-April 5, 2017-Elite Pharmaceuticals files ANDA for generic synthetic narcotic analgesic for management of pain
9 Jayadev M1, Karunakar P2, Vishwanath B3, Chinmayi SS4, Siddhartha P4, Chaitanya B,2014 Jul, Knowledge and Pattern of Antibiotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic Prescription for Pulpal and Periapical Pathologies-A survey among dentists.[Online] available form; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25177628
A study of effectiveness of local Bupivacaine infiltration of the wound in reducing the post operative parenteral narcotic analgesic requirement.
During 2001-2004, 24% of elderly patients with OA in the Geisinger system were on a narcotic only for pain relief, 15% were on a narcotic analgesic plus a COX2-selective NSAID, and 13% were on COX-2-selective NSAID monotherapy.