narcoleptic


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nar·co·lep·tic

(nar'kō-lep'-tik),
1. A sleep-inducing drug.
2. A person with narcolepsy.

nar·co·lep·tic

(nar'kō-lep'-tik)
1. A sleep-inducing drug.
2. A person with narcolepsy

narcolepsy

(năr′kō-lĕp″sē) [Gr. narke, numbness, + lepsis, seizure]
A disorder marked by recurrent, uncontrollable attacks of daytime sleepiness, often associated with temporary muscular paralysis (cataplexy), which may occur after powerful emotional experiences. People affected by this condition may have several sleep attacks each day. Typically, narcoleptic patients arouse from sleep relatively easily. narcoleptic (năr-kō-lĕp′tĭk), adjective

Etiology

Narcolepsy occurs in families, and about 90% of affected people have specific human leukocyte antigens (HLA-DQw6 or HLA-DR2). People with narcolepsy have diminished levels of peptides in the brain, called orexins, that influence sleep and consciousness.

Treatment

Scheduled naps during the day may prevent sleep attacks, especially if the naps are timed to occur when the patient usually experiences sleep attacks. Drugs used to treat narcolepsy include stimulants such as dextroamphetamine sulfate, pemoline, or methylphenidate hydrochloride.

CAUTION!

Narcoleptics should avoid activities that require constant alertness (e.g., driving or flying). At the first sign of drowsiness, affected patients should seek a safe place to sleep. In many states in the U.S., loss of consciousness is grounds for revocation of driving privileges. Patients with narcolepsy should review their motor vehicle usage with their health care professionals.

Patient discussion about narcoleptic

Q. How do you wake up in the morning if your narcolepsy is so severe you can't hear the alarm clock, phone ring? biggest problem is sleep paralysis, can't wake up. Late for work, everything, life is suffering because of severity. Have tried ritalin, natural supplements, hypnosis therapy, Provigal, antidepressants, nothing seems to work. Employer thinks it's an excuse, friends are irritated, I'm at my wits end. Life is spent sleeping more than awake.

A. Narcolepsy cannot yet be cured. But EDS and cataplexy, the most disabling symptoms of the disorder, can be controlled in most patients with drug treatment. Often the treatment regimen is modified as symptoms change. For decades, doctors have used central nervous system stimulants-amphetamines such as methylphenidate, dextroamphetamine, methamphetamine, and pemoline-to alleviate EDS and reduce the incidence of sleep attacks. For most patients these medications are generally quite effective at reducing daytime drowsiness and improving levels of alertness. However, they are associated with a wide array of undesirable side effects so their use must be carefully monitored. Common side effects include irritability and nervousness, shakiness, disturbances in heart rhythm, stomach upset, nighttime sleep disruption, and anorexia. For full article: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/narcolepsy/detail_narcolepsy.htm#120393201 Hope this helps.

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References in periodicals archive ?
The series aims to increase narcolepsy awareness as one of the co-creators/co-stars, Sarah Albritton, is narcoleptic. The episodes center around Keelyn Klein, a superhero, and her struggles living with this highly misunderstood disorder.
In that state, another phenomenon that is often responsible for misdiagnosing narcolepsy as schizophrenia begins to happen: Narcoleptics are in a dream state and have what seem to be hallucinations.
Meier-Ewert, "Motor dyscontrol in sleep of narcoleptic patients (a lifelong development?)," Journal of Sleep Research, vol.
These brains were also compared with the brains of three narcoleptic mouse models and to the brains of narcoleptic dogs.
(2004) that showed plasma FSH level of hypocretin-deficient narcoleptic men is similar to that in normal men.
This latest affliction is by far the most serious, driving the outrageously successful New York City attorney to stop whatever he's doing and trudge vast distances until he falls into a narcoleptic sleep.
Certain breeds of dogs, including Doberman Pinschers, can express the narcoleptic phenotype that is transmitted by an autosomal recessive gene.
Treating her subjects with care and respect, Breitz gleefully disproves the idea that mass media induces narcoleptic passivity.
Twice he has battled a bizarre illness which features strange narcoleptic episodes and extreme behaviour.
A Ph.D in English literature, Charity Ketz puts her mastery to good use in "The Narcoleptic Yard".
His mature understanding of the human male comedy blows away the dry dull and work-oriented that induces the frustration and narcoleptic tendencies in men.
The Bronze Stallion went to audience favorite "Mascarades" (Masquerades), an Algerian comedy about a boy who invents an imaginary rich suitor for his narcoleptic sister.