nail biting


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nail biting

An anxious behavior in which the free edges of the nails are chewed down as a means of expressing or relieving stress. Synonym: onychophagy
References in periodicals archive ?
In a study by Siddiqui et al8, chew mouth, lips or cheeks was reported to be 41.8% (23/55) in males and 32.9% (51/155) in females while nail biting was stated to be 20% (11/55) in males and 23.2% (36/155) in females.
Around 66 percent of nail biters reported feeling tension before biting their nails while, by 42 percent took pleasure from the act of nail biting. Among the participants with lifetime onychophagia, 22.5 percent were detected with a history of anxiety disorder and 3.1 percent suffered from OCD.
Despite this, the study did not find any definite links between OCD and nail biting.
Four items measure severity of each BFRB (hair pulling, nail biting, and skin picking) by assessing frequency of the urge to engage in the BFRB, amount of control over the urge, and frequency and duration of each behavior over the last week.
Key words: Nail biting; reinforcement; punishment; incompatible behaviour
A second theory, known as "environmental restriction" (Schendler, cited in Hadley, 1984), suggests that limiting motoric activity evokes habits such as nail biting. Said another way, activity restriction is thought to function as an establishing operation (Michael, 1993) which increases the reinforcing value of stimulation produced by any behavior, including that provided by nail biting.
In camp we might be on the look-out for the following behaviors: absenteeism (from day camp or specific camp programs), neglected physical appearance (particularly at day camp, but also in the clothes and belongings of a child at resident camp), fluctuating abilities in camp activities (e.g., in sports, arts, drama), fatigue and lack of energy, psychological symptoms (e.g., nervous tics, nail biting, enuresis), people-pleasing behaviors, social isolation, concerns about parents, and physical symptoms (e.g., headaches, stomachaches, injuries) that result in continuous visits to the infirmary.
Nail biting causes poor dental health, gum diseases.
Helping Lymm through a nail biting five hours, winner Jeff Shaw - who made it two in a row - caught skimmers and roach on pole with maggot and caster for an 8lb 2oz total.
`You'd be amazed the damage nail biting causes, not to mention the nasty little germs you're eating.
Nail biting is usually considered to be an annoying habit that, at its worst, can lead to cosmetic problems.
Nail biting is a vicious circle because a child is more likely to bite their nails when they're brittle, making them even more brittle.